All accounts may be accessed online via The Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/site/accounts-of-the-first-vision. Galilee Baptist Church sits beside Forty-Eighth Street in the relatively quiet Los Angeles neighborhood between downtown and the coast. Next, they had a series of brief, one-on-one computer-based conversations with three other participants in their communities and were told to chat about the information they’d studied. Collective memory is the equivalent of the genome in genetics. It might seem like there could be no downside to using visual arts as agents of collective-memory recursion. They convey the vision powerfully, rehearsing it with the strong emotions that help create the memory and cause it to endure. In truth, this is not the case.  See Karen Lynn Davidson, Our Latter-day Hymns: The Stories and the Messages (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1988), 54–55. The collective identity of a group are often expressed through the group’s cultures and traditions. Introduction. En rapprochant ces deux termes : mémoire et collectif, Halbwachs se proposait, tout d'abord, de démontrer que tout groupe organisé crée une mémoire qui lui est propre. This disparity of experiences will affect what is known as the collective memory of the event. A.) Collective memories are important for societies; they influence attitudes, decisions, and approaches to problems. When President Henry B. Eyring unveiled The Vision in 1997, he expressed his desire that visitors to the atrium would indeed use this piece of art to draw upon the collective memory: he paid tribute to Fairbanks “for what he didn’t show” and expressed his hope that the piece would cause all who viewed it to “imagine with an eye of faith” the “other figures not sculpted here.” President Eyring testified, “God the Eternal Father and his Beloved Son Jesus Christ appeared to open this dispensation.” Because of the effective way the Saints’ memory of the First Vision has been consolidated and rehearsed, most Latter-day Saints who see the sculpture could indeed imagine Joseph envisioning two personages, Father and Son, glorious beyond description. Moreover, the representations themselves—ranging from woodcuts and murals to films and coloring-book pages—reflect the extent of the 1839 narrative’s consolidation within the Saints’ collective memory. This article explains the collectivity of memory. As with the woodcut in Rocky Mountain Saints, Christensen’s visual representation, in combination with his verbal rehearsal (this time via lecture rather than written publication), is a manifestation of memory recursion. Many modern Saints can trace their first exposure to the vision, and perhaps even to the Church, to this very film adaptation, which rehearsed Joseph’s story visually, audibly, and with cinematic depictions of the vivid emotions that characterize the account in Joseph’s Manuscript History. Collective memory definition: the shared memories of a group, family, race, etc | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The paintings, stained-glass windows, sculptures, and films that represent and tell the story of Joseph Smith’s First Vision are models of memory recursion, the use of consolidated memory to forge new memory. It also creates a bond between the people of that society. a memory or memories shared or recollected by a group, as a community or culture. Google Search is the most common retrieval tool of information. Suggested memories are common and usually harmless, but since Joseph’s First Vision is so foundational to the Saints’ faith, it is attacked from every angle, and some whose suggested memories have been shown to be based in unhistorical sources have lost their faith in the Restoration story as a result. Chronicler of the natural world; the P Source; McCosh 50 renovation, Use our simple online form to share your views with other PAW readers. They helped create a connected network of memory, remarkably aiding millions of individuals in remembering a pivotal event that occurred nearly two hundred years ago. Second, by depicting the Saints’ shared memory of the vision in film, Jacobs expanded the audience and harnessed the power of a medium with enormous potential to facilitate memory consolidation and recursion. That understanding came from the selection and relation of many elements, including the story as it was told by Joseph in 1839, published in 1842, excerpted in the Pearl of Great Price in 1851, and finally canonized by the Saints in 1880. Collective memory refers to how groups remember their past. Another work of art that serves to further the collective memory of the Saints is a sculpture that stands in the atrium of the Joseph Smith Building on the campus of Brigham Young University. There are three main theories on collective behavior. Scholars studying these issues may not ... ‘‘a ‘collective memory’ ! It’s worth asking, then, in the Latter-day Saint collective memory, how, when, and why were the common-knowledge details of the event selected and related? Elise Petersen and Steven C. Harper, “Using Art and Film to Form and Reform a Collective Memory of the First Vision,” in An Eye of Faith: Essays in Honor of Richard O. Cowan, ed. In individuals, the function of relating happens in the brain.  See Daniel L. Schacter, “The Sin of Suggestibility,” in The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002), 112–37. The process of having that text and therefore memory consolidated as the collective memory of the Latter-day Saints, and then transmitting that memory from one generation of Saints to the next, depended on another process known as recursion, in which groups use consolidated memories to form new memories. Individual and Collective Memory. Memory plays a big part in the creation of one's identity, both on a personal and collective level.  See C. C. A. Christensen, “Lectures as written by C. C. A. Christensen,” L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. It movingly conveys the Saints’ collective memory of the vision. Inaccurate individual or collective memories are often formed quickly, without access to all the facts and details. Coman hopes next to investigate the conditions under which people come to believe accurate, and suppress inaccurate, information in public-health crises and also how emotions — not just facts —converge after discussions within a network.  See John Taylor, in Journal of Discourses (London: Latter-day Saints’ Book Depot, 1881), 21:155–67. A presentist approach states that social constructions of memory are influenced by the needs of the present. It is becoming better known that Joseph Smith recorded more than one account of what was later coined his First Vision. The first of these to be completed, eventually known as the “Adams Chapel” in Richard Cowan’s native Los Angeles, featured the consolidated First Vision story in an ornate stained-glass window. Participants first studied facts about fictional Peace Corps volunteers and then were asked to recall in writing the information they learned. The child has made the rabbit a concrete part of the story, not realizing that it was simply an artistic addition to the scene in the film..  Richard L. Jensen and Richard G. Oman, C. C. A. Christensen, 1831–1912: Mormon Immigrant Artist, essay and catalog (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1984), 91. Whereas the top-down approach is typically interested in how specific collective memories are formed, usually ones of historical, national importance, the bottom-up approach is more about how memories come to be shared, without reference to any extant collective memory… Joseph Smith’s recorded memories of his vision, especially the one in his 1839 Manuscript History (excerpted and canonized in the Pearl of Great Price), is the most significant influence on how Latter-day Saints have formed a collective memory of his vision, but even after this, several key players have functioned as selectors and relaters, especially Apostles Franklin D. Richards (who selected this vision account for inclusion in the Pearl of Great Price) and Orson Pratt (who emphasized and taught about the vision more than anyone else in the formative period when the Latter-day Saints consolidated a collective memory of it). I am grateful to the editors of this volume for inviting me to contribute to it. Collective memories consolidate, by analogy, via the role of a person or persons memory scholars describe as a “selector or relater.”, As group members pay attention and relate emotionally to the choices made by the selector and relator, stable narratives form out of the variable parts of the social working memory.  Orson Pratt, “Are the Father and the Son Two Distinct Persons?,” Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star, October 15, 1849, 310. He is so wise. In fact, memory is not even a single thing but “an umbrella term under which congregate myriad phenomena.” This essay is not about memory per se, but about the formation and reformation of a particular shared or collective memory among Latter-day Saints. ... A few years ago, a different team of researchers found that bacteria had a collective memory which increased their tolerance to stress when exposed to salt.  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