1. 0000006035 00000 n dining room. 0000007045 00000 n If the word is dragonfly, then one student is ‘dragon’ Learn the most common Mandarin words, as opposed to individual characters, and learn how to speak the language. living room. By taking advantage of the fact that the vast majority of Chinese morphemes have a lexical nature, and memorizing characters as parts of compound words, students can learn more efficiently. (previous page) () One issue has been whether to “push” pinyin words together for Chinese names and short words, e.g., Mao Zedong or Ayi. Words of Chinese origin have entered the English language and many European languages.Most of these were loanwords from Chinese itself, a term covering those members of the Chinese branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. This is great if you want to make your own flashcard deck (Anki) or just check them off through a spreadsheet. 0000002173 00000 n p)�T�rT�t��%���x!��˿,�J�2U$M�X,�q��V��D����g $z�9KnyWf#w�}���-��+��Y�=M[5kiȚ�5׵��z��5z�T�-�JM��Ղ^>}4�oY��+\�\���5�:�6;t��͚�̅���G��i6�7���-�r���M�:e�kµ�u�Nj��9���X0�L��t��nj5ev��Sb�.��2)�d�����%EF��.�.z����:)u��H(��.y�Hý�>�˞���9߾��?UVs��7������ԴA@"B�A�]�IQ��DZ��Ȣ��7^�����OŻd�� 36E�{�*�Y�%���9�T���6�� ��O� �(0��woޤh2�OC�dJ���O�I�,�B5&�/�ȱ��T’�k�Ï [�Yy�^tRyUb-��^. curtain rail. Multiple characters representing a single concept are called compound or compound words. trailer << /Size 292 /Info 265 0 R /Root 267 0 R /Prev 153943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 267 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 264 0 R >> endobj 290 0 obj << /S 961 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 291 0 R >> stream deck chair. Tony, Your email address will not be published. Because of this tendency, people tend to say that Chinese is a very logical language; some linguists even going so far to describe it as a “language of compound words.” Not all Chinese disyllabic (two character) words behave logically (their precise classification is still a topic of debate), but in general, this unique “character-matching” trait of Chinese language can really help a new student learn the language! The article is great and matches what I am discovering as I study Chinese. There are three different types of compound words: Closed form: Two words are joined together to create a new meaning (firefly, softball, redhead, keyboard, makeup, notebook). full moon. Furthermore, if you already know words containing one particular character, you can probably guess the meaning of a new word that also has that character! There are 3 types of compound words: Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. 11. government = 政zheng̀ 府fǔ. 0000002756 00000 n For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . Pages in category "Vietnamese compound words" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,418 total. 1000 Examples of Compound Words in English. 0000004927 00000 n 0000009061 00000 n But words are not written adjacent. 0000002150 00000 n Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! 0000002521 00000 n These compound words are formed when two single words combine. 12. massive = 巨jù 大dà 的. However, we have not figured out what to do about pushing the pinyin words in a Chinese phrase like “Going through the backdoor.” Do you think we should write zou hou men or Zouhoumen? We employed a boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character compounds (i.e., compound words) are processed during reading. Here’s the full list of the top 1000 most common Chinese words with all the info you need: Chinese, Pinyin, English and 2 example sentences for each. This formation is the basic formation of compound words. 0000003824 00000 n These compound words are formed when two single words combine. Hyphenated form: Words are joined together by a hyphen (daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old). MAKE WORDS WITH BASIC COMPONENTS – DENG (灯) - TouchChinese. Chinese compound should appear as a stable sequence in corpus. Examples of 100 Compound Words. When two words are used together to yield a new meaning, a compound is formed. 政 means political, administrative. 0000004905 00000 n That is, the components in the compound are strongly correlated, while the components lie at both ends should have low correlations with outer words. 266 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 268 /H [ 928 1245 ] /L 159393 /E 11109 /N 8 /T 153954 >> endobj xref 266 26 0000000016 00000 n 0000003801 00000 n Two lexical decision experiments were conducted to study the recognition of two-character Chinese monomorphemic and compound words by adult native Chinese readers. 0000005927 00000 n Open Form Compound Words. 0000010878 00000 n Below you can see examples of 3 types of compounds: subordinate, attributive and coordinated. See more ideas about Compound words, Learn chinese, Chinese language. … The two words together 飞天 represent flying goddesses skilled in dance and athletics painted on the ancient murals of Dunhuang. Based on the lexical status of the translated compounds, an initial list of items was selected (60 for English, 58 for Chinese). It’s very necessary to know the formation of compound words because the vast majority of Chinese vocabulary are compound words. In coordinated compounds, all the characters are equally important in determining the meaning. The first character of the compound was an ambiguous morpheme that had a dominant and subordinate meaning. tea cup. Kinesthetic learning style- Give students a compound word and have them draw the two “parts” of the compound word. In Experiment 1, the words appeared non-spaced, whereas in Experiment 2 a space was inserted between the two characters. She loves studying new languages and cultures. The bases tend to indicate things of the same class or kind. Would you happen to have a recommendation for a book or study guide that organizes words by compound to make it easier to learn related vocabulary? For example, compound words can have hyphens, spaces or no spaces at all between the two words. In general, reviewing the compound word list can also be a great idea and will familiarize you with compound words. Teacher says a compound word, and students repeat the word. And it can be a difficult task, especially if you try to memorize them one by one like many teachers force students to do. The goal is to find a word and a picture to create a compound word. Most Chinese vocabulary are compound words which consist of two or three characters. %PDF-1.2 %���� List of compound words for reference Activity Students repeat a compound word and delete either the first or last smaller (root) word. In terms of compound words, they’ve transformed into various types. Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a … Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. 1. As a result, people have created new types of compound words. 府 means office, official residence. 0000006057 00000 n The rule to be careful here is the following: Hyphens cannot be placed between words here. The meanings of Chinese compound words are listed in brackets. Students will have to use their memory to succeed at this game. 天 means sky, heaven. ... Chinese checkers; Spelling Open and Closed Compound Words. These uninventive teachers give students lists of most common Chinese characters and have them write single characters one at a time over and over again. Chinese words are often composed of more than one character, so vocabulary lists of single characters can be deceiving. What is a Compound Word? Then, teacher divides the smaller words (root words) up amongst students (e.g. Oxana Ermolaeva is a freelance writer, editor and translator from Russia. It is found that this network has properties of being “small-world” and “scale-free”. Compound words are words that are formed by connecting two or more words together to create a new meaning. 0000008066 00000 n 0000002734 00000 n In attributive compounds, the descriptive character precedes the noun/verb: 婚介 – hūn jiè – matchmaking (wedding + to introduce), 速递 – sù dì – express delivery (fast + to pass), 互动 – hù dòng – interaction (mutual + to move). Compound word is two or more words linked together to produce a word with a new meaning. 0000000871 00000 n 0000009039 00000 n Most modern Chinese words are formed of two or three characters, and one of the most striking features of Chinese language is its strong tendency to match the meaning of different characters (syllables) together in a way that makes sense. Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . 0000000928 00000 n From 'aftereffect' to 'zookeeper', check out this word list for all of your compound word needs! ( )+ 灯 The pattern:( )+ 灯 路灯 [lù dēng] : street lamp 台灯 [tái dēng] : desk lamp 白炽灯 [bái chì dēng] : incandescent light bulb 酒精灯 [jiǔ jīng dēng] : alcohol lamp 信号灯 [xìn hào dēng] : :signal lamp. H�b```����x���������c�w\bB��E럿w���R����%��LB���ہ�9�!&G_��-Y��cA��dϔC�6;���w/]�1fS�b����X� However, learning the symbols in this way, removing them from their context, is tiresome: especially in the early stages of learning. Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! Roots and affixes combine to form compound words 派生词. If you bump into a tough character on the street or insult somebody, they might say 你皮子痒, or “your skin looks itchy.” This expression is used when expressing a desire to beat someone up. 0000007067 00000 n At first glance, learning Chinese characters can seem intimidating. Only a few of these names (e.g. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. Chinese words for compound include 复合, 复, 合成, 院落, 合成物, 配制, 院, 复合字, 复合的 and 篹. Ouyang [歐陽/欧阳], Shangguan [上官], Sima [司馬/司马], Zhuge [諸葛/诸葛], Situ [司徒], Xiahou [夏侯], Huangfu [皇甫], and Huyan [呼延]) can still be found quite commonly in modern times with Ouyang, Shangguan, Sima and Situ appearing most frequently. Your email address will not be published. Conclusion: A more traditional approach to learning Chinese characters, learning each character as a stand-alone entity, will slow down a beginner’s acquisition of the language. Compound Word List #1: lifetime : elsewhere: upside: grandmother: cannot baseball: fireworks: passport: together: become: became: sunflower: crosswalk : basketball: sweetmeat: superstructure: moonlight: football: railroad: rattlesnake: anybody: weatherman: throwback: skateboard: meantime: earthquake: everything: herein: sometimes: also: backward: schoolhouse: butterflies: upstream: nowhere: bypass 蔬果 – shū guǒ – vegetables and fruits (vegetable + fruit), 亮丽 – liàng lì – very beautiful (bright + beautiful). Some statistical properties of a network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language are reported. In turn, this language gets passed along and circulated to what it is today. Compound Word List #12 shortbread firewater moonscape hereupon handcuff housetop tailcoat upstanding afterglow sisterhood waistline walleyed wardroom warlike warpath teapot airmen schoolwork weathercock headdress forever bedclothes fisheye highland skylark walkways wallpaper warehouse warmblooded warplanes For example, for “doghouse” a kid would draw a dog and a house. They are written in three ways: Open compound words: These are spelled as two separate words. Many of these compound words trace their roots to a popular set of characters, which we call “root characters.” The meanings of these root characters, when combined with the meanings of the other character(s) in the compound word, create the meaning of the compound word. 0000010090 00000 n Example: bed + room –> bedroom, blue + berry –> blueberry. Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask. Various types room – > blueberry of Root characters in terms of compound words by native... Is two or more words linked together to yield a new meaning, a compound and! Concept are called compound or compound words in the Japanese language are reported compounds, all the are... With BASIC COMPONENTS – DENG ( 灯 ) - TouchChinese words that are formed when single... Berry – > blueberry repeat the word composed of more than one character so..., the words appeared non-spaced, whereas in Experiment 2 a space was inserted between the two.! 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