Pl… Almost 42 percent of the land area in the island is included as the protected … Launceston was proclaimed a municipality by an Act of Parliament on 30 October 1852. 1999: Tasmania voted the best temperate island in the world by the world's largest travel magazine, 2000 (1 January): Tasmania beamed to 43 television networks around the world to herald the new, 2001 (10 May): Centenary of Federation celebrated, 2001: For the first time in 120 years, Tasmanian, 2001: State Government announces $53 million jail to replace the old, 2002: House and land boom begins with East Coast blocks selling for almost three times the town's previous record, 2002 (May): : Tasmania's suburban street speed limit dropped to 50 km/h in a bid to increase road safety, 2002 (3 August): Tasmanian boxer Daniel Geale wins Tasmania's only gold medal at the, 2002 (1 September): Tasmania's fast ferries, 2002 (12 October): Tasmanian Tim Hawkins killed in, 2002: Deregulated shop trading hours begin, 2003 (January): People urged by Tasmanian Fire Service to abandon their Australia Day long-weekend plans and prepare their homes for a potential firestorm as a number of fires pose the worst fire threat in 30 years, 2003: Attempted hijack of a Qantas flight from Melbourne to Launceston, 2003: Tasmania passed some of the most progressive relationship laws in the world including same-sex adoptions and registration of 'significant' relationships, 2004: State Government announces legislation to, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 10:45. The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt, after his sponsor, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. 1835: Samuel Anderson leaves Launceston to establish third permanent Victorian settlement at Bass in Western Port. Quick Tasmanian tiger Facts: - Lived during the Early Pliocene to the Holocene Period - Was longer than a yard-stick - Had a shoulder height equal to a bowling pin - Weighed more than a dalmatian - Was a carnivore-it probably lived off a diet of small wallabies and ostriches - Lived in Australia and Tasmania 1916: Opening of Great Lakes hydro scheme's first stage, 1919: Frozen Tasmanian meat exported for the first time, 1922: Legislation enables women to stand in state elections, 1922: Legacy movement starts with founding of Remembrance Club in Hobart by Major-General Sir, 1924: Private company starts first Tasmanian radio station, 7ZL (now part of ABC), with regular broadcasts from, 1925: Workmen open David Collins' grave during conversion of old St David's Cemetery into St David's Park, 1927: Inquiry into proposed bridge linking Hobart city with eastern shore, 1927: Visit by Duke and Duchess of York (future, 1928: Voting in Tasmanian state elections becomes compulsory (federal voting became compulsory in 1924), 1929: Hobart gets automatic telephone system, 1932: Ivan and Victor Holyman start air service between Launceston and, 1932: Former premier Joseph Lyons becomes, 1933: Commonwealth Grants Commission appointed to inquire into affairs of claimant states, including Tasmania, 1935: Five die when Holyman Airways plane, 1935: Hobart gets first electric trolley buses, 1935: Legislation for three-year state parliament terms, 1936 (7 September): Last known Tasmanian tiger (, 1936: First commercial flights use federal aerodrome at Cambridge, 1936: Submarine telephone cable service begins between Tasmania and Victoria via, 1936: First two area schools (renamed district schools in 1973) open at Sheffield and Hagley, 1937: Five-year state parliamentary terms return, 1939: Death in office of prime minister Joseph Lyons, 1940: Tasmanian soldiers leave for North African campaign with, 1941: Australian Newsprint Mills' Boyer plant becomes first in world to produce newsprint from hardwood, 1942: Women 18 to 30 called up for war work, 1946: Australian National Airways plane crashes at Seven Mile Beach, killing 25, 1946: Last horse-drawn Hobart cab ceases operation, 1947: War-affected migrants begin arriving from Europe to work for Hydro-Electric Commission, 1947: Edward Brooker takes over as Labor premier after Robert Cosgrove's resignation to face corruption and bribery charges. 1895: Launceston becomes first southern hemisphere city to get electric light after first Tasmanian, 1897: Formation of Southern Tasmania Football Association, 1898: Tasmanians vote four to one in favor of, 1898: Municipal police forces become part of new statewide government force, 1898: Electric street lighting begins in Hobart, 1900: More Tasmanian troops leave for Second Boer War, 1900: End of whaling operations from Hobart, 1901: First elections for Federal Parliament, 1901: Zeehan conference leads to formation of Tasmanian Workers Political League (forerunner to, 1902: Last Tasmanian troops return from the Boer War, 1903: Women get House of Assembly voting right (the already had it for federal polls), 1903: Hobart-Launceston telephone line opens, 1903: Two ships leave Hobart on relief expedition to free British explorer, 1904: Legislation allows Tasmanian women to become lawyers, 1904: Formation of Tasmanian National Association (forerunner to, 1904: Native flora and fauna reserve declared at, 1905: Hobart General Post Office building opens, 1906: Marconi Co. demonstrated a wireless telegraphy service between, 1907: New public library, built with money from American philanthropist, 1907: Hare-Clark voting system extended to all of Tasmania, 1908: Queen Alexandra Maternity Hospital opens in Hobart, 1909: First statewide use of Hare-Clark voting system elects first Labor government, led by John Earle; government lasts only one week, with return of conservatives, 1910: Carters' wage strike paralyses Hobart for a week, ends with win for workers, 1910: Legislation sets maximum 48-hour working week and minimum wages in several trades, 1911: Philip Smith teachers' college opens at Domain, Electric trams begin running in Launceston, 1912: Hobart City Council takes over tramway service, 1913: First government high schools open in Hobart and Launceston, 1913: Hobart City Council buys tram service, 1914: A. Delfosse Badgery makes Tasmania's first flight from Elwick in a plane he built himself, 1914: First Tasmanian troops leave to fight in, 1914: State government buys hydro-electric company, 1915: Tasmanian legislation establishes Australia's first special authority to create and manage parks and reserves, 1916: In Tasmania's worst rail disaster, driver and six passengers die, 31 survive injuries, after Launceston-Hobart express crashes near. The settlement at Risdon was later abandoned. The last wild Tasmanian tiger was killed between 1910 and 1920. Tasmania is named after Abel, Tasman, the Dutch explorer who was the first European to explore the Island in 17th century. As a matter of fact, a particularly plump tail is a sign of a healthy … Tasmania (/ t æ z ˈ m eɪ n i ə /; abbreviated as TAS, nicknamed Tassie, Bruny Island Tasmanian: Lutruwita; Palawa kani: Lutruwita) is an island state of Australia.It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait.The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. 1817: Weekly mail service begins between Hobart and Launceston, 1817: Work starts on new St David's Church, replacing earlier structure blown down in storm. 1810: Administration launches colony's first newspaper, the Derwent Star and Van Diemen's Land Intelligencer, 1811: After arriving from Sydney, Governor, 1812: Northern Tasmania's lieutenant-governorship ceases, Government House in Hobart takes control of whole island, 1813: First Post Office opens in postmaster's house on corner of Argyle St and Macquarie St, 1814: Governor Lachlan Macquarie offers amnesty to, 1815: Michael Howe's bushranging gang kills two settlers in New Norfolk raid, 1815: Captain James Kelly circumnavigates island in whaleboat. Top 10 dates in Tasmanian history. I love Tasmania, and you will find that it offers a charming Australian contrast to the pace of life in Sydney and Melbourne. The Tasmanians made bark canoes to travel to offshore islands to harvest muttonbirds and seals during summer and autumn. When European settlers arrived and hunted kangaroos for food, Aboriginal people defended the Kangaroo as though it were family. The following year marked the arrival of first Catholic clergyman, Father Phillip Conolly and on his second visit, Governor Lachlan Macquarie chooses sites for Perth, Campbell Town, Ross, Oatlands, Sorell and Brighton. History . At the time of the British occupation and colonisation in 1803 the Indigenous population was estimated at between 3000 and 10,000. 1834 – John Batman sailed from Launceston to Port Phillip in Victoria – he and his associates founded the city of Melbourne. Its capital and the largest city is Hobart. The first European settlement in Tasmania was on the eastern bank of the River Derwent. Lomatia tasmanica, or King’s lomatia, is a self-cloning shrub found in Tasmania. The pademelon is a stocky animal with a relatively short tail and legs to aid its movement through dense vegetation. The Palawa people lived on the Bass Strait Islands and Tasmania. Tasmania was inhabited by an Indigenous population, the Aboriginal Tasmanians, and evidence indicates their presence in the territory, later to become an island, at least 35,000 years ago. Plomley and Rhys Jones, settled on a figure of 3000 to 4000. Little is known of the human history of the island until the British colonisation in the 19th century. 1854 – The two houses of Parliament (upper and lower) were established. They shared many traits with Australian mainland Aboriginal people but also developed physically and culturally into a distinctive population. The proclamation came 47 years after the area then known as Patersonia, had been settled by a British garrison lead by Lieutenant Colonel William Paterson. They had close, spiritual and ancestral ties to the kangaroo, which they called Tarnerand viewed as sacred. Numerous other convict settlements were made in Van Diemens Land, including secondary prisons, such as the particularly harsh penal colonies at Port Arthur in the south-east and Macquarie Harbour on the West Coast. 1835: First meeting to establish Launceston Bank for Savings. 1833: Robert Massie arrives in Tasmania takes up position as Engineer with Van Diemens Land Co. 1834: Convicts evacuating Macquarie Harbour capture brig, 1834: Daily Hobart-New Norfolk steamship trips begin, 1834: Launceston "female factory" completed, 1834: Point Puer boys' convict establishment opens at Port Arthur, 1834: First coal shipment leaves convict mines on Tasman Peninsula, 1834: Jury trial system for all civil cases begins, 1834: Horse-drawn coaches begin taxi-style service, 1834: Henty brothers leave Launceston for Portland Bay to make first European settlement in, 1835: Nearly all remaining Tasmanian Aboriginal people surrender to George Augustus Robinson and are moved to Flinders Island. Twelve thousand years ago sea level was rising as the most recent period of global glaciation eased. That year also saw widespread floods. 1825 – Van Diemen’s Land, which had been part of the colony of New South Wales, became a colony in its own right. European contact with Tasmania increased after the British arrived at Sydney Cove in 1788 – Van Diemen’s Land was a convenient pit-stop en route to New South Wales. Tasmania is the largest of Australia's islands and the 26th largest Island in … He named it Van Diemen’s Land after the governor of Batavia. By the time of European contact, the Aboriginal people in Tasmania had nine major ethnic groups. The land mass now known as Tasmania was cut off and the Aboriginal people living here were isolated. Through the introduction of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity, war, persecution, and intermarriage, the population dwindled to 300 by 1833. Several bands spoke the same language and there were nine language groups / tribes in Tasmania at the time of European contact. 1851: O'Donoghue sent to a chain-gang, released, restarts his paper and sent again to a chain-gang. 113 km/h winds in Hobart, 158 km/h winds on, March 1999: Tasmania is almost booked out for the millennium New Year's Eve party—a once-in-1000-year event for Tasmania's key resorts, hotels, motels and restaurants, 1999: Legislation passed to give Aboriginal community control of, 1999: Official opening of Port Arthur Visitor Centre, 1999: Queen Alexandra Hospital building leased to private operators. At the time of the British occupation and colonisation in 1803 the Indigenous population was estimated at between 3000 and 10,000. The website's Companion to Tasmanian History is a comprehensive volume providing information about every important aspect of Tasmania's history. Captain James Cook also sighted the island in 1777, and numerous other European seafarers made landfalls, adding a colourful array to the names of topographical features. Over 70,000 men, women and children were transported to Van Diemens Land in the early 1800s and many of the places and features they built are … 1817: New Government House occupied in Macquarie St, on site of present Town Hall, lower Elizabeth St and Franklin Square. It is a state of Australia. They made tools and containers from wood, bone, stone, seaweed, bark, grass and sinew. The Tasmanians were hunters and gatherers. 1772 – The first Europeans to land on the island, the company from the expedition of the French explorer Marion du Fresne, came ashore at Marion Bay on the east coast. A courthouse was built on the corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street and street lighting with oil lamps was introduced. Almost all of the indigenous population was relocated to Flinders Island by George Augustus Robinson. George Augustus Robinson started his mission to protect Aborigines and take them to a settlement on Flinders Island. It… 1827 saw the first regatta-style events on Derwent River and Van Diemen's Land Company began settlement at Emu Bay (now Burnie). Scale fish were eaten in the distant past but apparently not since about 3,500 years ago, however the women collected abalone, oysters, mussels and other shellfish. 1846: Foundation of the Hutchins School and Launceston, 1846: Tasmania becomes first Australian colony to enact legislation to protect, 1847: Britain orders closure of NSW convict establishment and transfer of remaining prisoners to Tasmania, 1847: Charles Davis founds hardware business, 1848: Colony now only place of transportation in, 1849: "Young Irelanders" (Irish political prisoners), including, 1849: Anti-transportation league formed after Launceston public meeting, 1849: Tasmanian apple growers export to the United States of America and New Zealand, 1850: First secular high school built at Domain, 1850: Constitution Dock officially opened. If not for a few visionaries who saw the potential the island's cool climate and soil varieties had to offer, Tasmania might never have been reborn as the wine-producing region it is today. The Dutch explorer Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemen’s Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen. The first settlers explored the Coal River Valley area in 1803. Convict transportation reached its peak – 5,329 in one year. They shared many traits with Australian mainland Aboriginal people but also developed physically and culturally into a distinctive population. In 1804 Lieutenant-governor David Collins moved the settlement across the river and Hobart was founded. On 24 November 1642, Tasman, commander of the ‘Heemskirk’ and ‘Zeehan’ ships, first laid eyes on the west coast of the island. The remains of these make up enormous middens all around Tasmania’s coastline. Settler John Batman, later one of Melbourne's founders, helped capture bushranger Matthew Brady near Launceston. Copyright © 2020Australias Guide Pty Ltd. It is estimated that people inhabited Tasmania as early as 20,000 to 40,000 years ago via a land bridge that connected the Australian mainland to other surrounding islands. Bonwick, James: The Last of the Tasmanians, p 270-295, Ryan, Lyndall: The Aboriginal Tasmanians, 1991, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, Tasmanian Historical Research Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Tasmania&oldid=982789976, Use Australian English from December 2011, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1804: Soldiers temporarily refuse guard duties at Risdon amid fears of. TASMANIA. The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 164 2 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasma. Then in 1798, Matthew Flinders became the first person to circumnavigate Tasmania. Tasmania has 69 golf courses — more per capita than any other state in Australia. The wine and food are acclaimed around the world. Tasmania is a large island off the southern coast of mainland Australia. Almost all of the Indigenous population was relocated to Flinders Island by George Augustus Robinson. The Island was named Van Diemen’s Land in honor of the governor of the Dutch East Indies at that time. 1948: Margaret McIntyre wins Legislative Council seat in May, becoming the first woman member of Tasmanian Parliament; airliner crash in NSW in September kills her and 12 others. 1948: Robert Cosgrove resumes premiership after acquittal on corruption and bribery charges, 1948: ABC forms Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra on permanent basis, 1948: Antarctic research station established on, 1949: Government introduces compulsory X-rays in fight against tuberculosis, 1949: Tasmanian politician Dame Enid Lyons, widow of former prime minister Joseph Lyons, becomes first woman to reach federal ministry rank, as Executive Council vice-president, 1951: Italian and German migrants arrive to work under contract for, 1952: Government ends free hospital scheme, 1952: Single state licensing body formed for hotels and clubs, 1953: Tasman Limited diesel train service begins between Hobart and northern towns, 1953: Housing Department created to manage public housing, 1954: Hobart Rivulet area damaged as severe floods affect southern and eastern Tasmania, 1954: Metropolitan Transport Trust formed, 1954: Spouses of property owners get right to vote in Legislative Council elections, 1955: Royal commission appointed to inquire into, 1955: House of Assembly gets first two women members, Liberals Mabel Miller and Amelia Best, 1955: Hobart becomes first Australian city to get, 1955: First ingot poured at Bell Bay aluminium refinery, 1955: Labor Party's federal conference in Hobart brings, 1956: University of Tasmania Council dismisses Professor Sydney Orr, alleging improper conduct by him with female student; Orr launches unsuccessful court action against university for wrongful dismissal, 1956: Tasmania gets first woman mayor, Dorothy Edwards of Launceston, 1957: Water Act establishes Rivers and Water Supply Commission, 1958: Hobart waterside works block two Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist) members, father Frank Hursey and son Denis, from working in dispute over their objection to paying union levy that would partly go to ALP; police guard Hurseys after court order; Supreme Court awards them damages, 1959: High Court verdict in Hursey case upholds unions' right to levy members for political purposes, expel those who refuse to pay, 1960: Hobart trams cease, succeeded by electric, 1960: First meeting of Inland Fisheries Commission, 1960: Opening of new State Library headquarters, 1960: First city parking station opens in Argyle Street, 1961: Construction of Hobart-Sydney ferry terminal begins, 1963: University of Tasmania completes move to, 1965: Official opening of Tasmanian Conservatorium of Music, 1967: Tasmanian joins other states in approving full constitutional rights for Aboriginal people, 1967: Hydro-Electric Commission tables plans in State Parliament to dam, 1968: Full adult franchise introduced for Legislative Council elections, 1968: Hobart trolley buses cease, replaced by diesel vehicles, 1968: Savage River iron ore project officially opens, 1969: Tasmanians vote Labor Party out after 35 years in office, Liberal-Centre Party forms coalition government, 1969: Worst floods in 40 years hit Launceston, 1970: Parliament legislates for permanent daylight saving time, 1970: State marine research laboratories at, 1971: First state Aboriginal conference held in Launceston, 1972: Conservationists lose battle to prevent flooding of, 1972: Liberal-Centre Party coalition government collapses, 1972: Tasmanian College of Advanced Education opens in Hobart, 1972: Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre opens at Tasmanian Aboriginal Information Centre, 1974: Three die when boiler explosion demolishes laundry at Mt St Canice Convent, Sandy Bay, 1974: Tasmanian workers under state wages board awards get four weeks annual leave; woman awarded equal pay, 1974: Hobart suburban rail services cease, 1975: Hotels allowed to open for Sunday trading, 1976: Members of Aboriginal community ritually cremate, 1976: Freight equalisation scheme subsidises sea cargo to and from state, 1977: Repaired Tasman Bridge reopens to traffic, 1977: Royal visit, during which Aboriginal activist, 1977: Tasmanian Film Corporation launched, 1978: Australian National Railways takes over Tasmanian rail system; Tasman Limited ceases operations, ending regular passenger train services in state, 1978: Hydro-Electric Commission proposes power scheme involving, 1979: Tasmanian College of Advanced Education moves to Launceston, 1979: Hobart gets increased Saturday morning shopping, 1979: Government expands South-West conservation area to more than one-fifth of state's total area, 1982: Tasmanians elect Liberals as government in their own right for first time in state's history, 1983: Tasmanian Aboriginal Land Council established, 1984: Official opening of Wrest Point Convention Centre, 1985: Municipal rationalisation advances with Launceston taking over St Leonards and Lilydale, 1987: High Court decision bans logging in Lemonthyme, southern forests, 1988: International fleet of about 200 sailing, cruise and naval ships from about 20 countries calls at Hobart as part of Australian, 1988: Tasmanian Sporting Hall of Fame opens, 1991: Savings Bank of Tasmania and Tasmanian Bank amalgamate as Trust Bank, 1993: Tasmania's unemployment rate reaches 13.4%, 1994: End to 80 years of dam building as state's last power station, Tribute, opens near, 1994: HMAS Huon naval base decommissioned, 1995: All-day Saturday shop trading begins, 1995: Government announces legislation to transfer 38 km, 1995: States unemployment rate falls to 9.6% as number of Tasmanians in work sets record, 1997: Tasmania becomes first state to formally apologise to Aboriginal community for past actions connected with the ', 1997: Hobart Ports Corporation succeeds marine board, 1997: State Parliament repeals two century-old laws that together made all male homosexual activity criminal, 1997: Official opening of Hobart's Aquatic Centre, 1997: Nixon report recommendations include single chamber State Parliament with 27 members, government asset sales, 1998: Federal Government sells Hobart and Launceston airports, 1998: Parliament reduced from 54 members to 40–25 Members of the. In 1772, a French expedition led by Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne landed on the island. He landed at what is now called Adventure Bay, but no expeditions around the island were made. 9. David Collins 5 km to the south in 1804 in Sullivans Cove on the western side of the Derwent, where fresh water was more plentiful. Bands with reciprocal arrangements intermarried and shared resources. 1836: Hobart Post office moves to premises on corner of Elizabeth Street and Collins Street, 1836: Eleven counties, and some parishes therein, proclaimed; establishing the cadastral divisions of the colony, 1837: Police office built on corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street, 1838: The first secular register of births, deaths and marriages in the British colonies established, 1838: Work begins on old Customs House, which becomes, 1838: Sir John Franklin establishes board of education to introduce non-denominational schools, 1840: Sir John Franklin establishes Ross Bank meteorological observatory site, named after explorer, near present Government House site, 1840: Dr William Bedford founds first Hobart private hospital (in house near Theatre Royal) after dispute at government hospital, 1840: Transportation from Britain to NSW ends, causing heavier influx of convicts to Tasmania, 1842: Colony's first official census, population 57,471, 1842: The Weekly Examiner begins publication in Launceston, 1842: Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, first Australian scientific journal, begins publication, 1842: Peak year for convict arrivals (5329), 1842: Maria Island's Darlington penitentiary reopened, 1844: First Catholic bishop, Robert Willson, arrives, 1845: Jewish community consecrates Hobart Synagogue, Australia's oldest. Tasmania, Australia Online Genealogy Records These are genealogy links to Tasmania online databases to assist in researching your family history. 2. 1842 – Hobart Town became a city. The name was later shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British. 1818: Government opens flour mill in Hobart, 1818: Soldiers and convict kill bushranger Michael Howe on banks of Shannon River. Cannibal convict Alexander Pearce was hanged after escaping twice from Macquarie Harbour who survived by eating his companions and convict Matthew Brady begins his bushranging career after escaping from Macquarie Harbour. History has told us Aboriginal people in Tasmania almost exclusively occupied open plains. Interesting facts about Tasmania The first European to discover Tasmania was Abel Tasman, a Dutch seafarer, merchant and explorer. In 1821, officials and convicts left Port Dalrymple to establish Macquarie Harbour penal settlement at Sarah Island. 1830: Administration launches "Black Line" military campaign across most of colony to round up Aboriginal people; in seven weeks two are shot and two are captured, 1831: New land regulations discontinue free, 1832: Ends of martial law against Aboriginal people, 1832: Regular Hobart-Launceston coach service begins, 1832: Maria Island penal settlement closes, 1832: Derwent Light ("Iron Pot") lit for first time. 1642 – Abel Janszoon Tasman, the Dutch explorer, sailed passed the west coast of our island. The Aboriginal resistance to this invasion was so strong, that troops were deployed across much of Tasmania to drive the Aboriginal people into captivity on nearby islands. Establish Launceston bank for Savings people relied on the island until the beginning of the River and Hobart founded... 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