Simple fruits are of two types, dry and fleshy. Plums are relatives of the peach, almond and nectarine families, and are also called a ' gage ' . There are three different different types of plum … Japanese plums are often crossed with cold-hardy wild American plum (Prunus americana) to yield hybrid plum trees that produce sweet, juicy Japanese-style plums in the northern tier of states. First, the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic order not order of preference. Roast halved plums for 15 to 20 minutes. These fruits develop from the ripening of a single ovary of a flower. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. Dried plum fruits are called "dried plums" or prunes, although, in many countries, prunes are a distinct type of dried plum having a wrinkled appearance (Li hing mui for instance). Mirabelle plum - The mirabelle plum, also known as the mirabelle prune (Prunus domestica ssp. The rich, custardy flesh can be eaten just as it is or it can be pureed to make ice cream or milk shakes. However, we can also find them growing in their wild state – which purportedly have a better nutritional profile and more polyphenols ( 5 ). In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Similar to citrus fruits, varieties of fruits classified as pepos are actually berries in botanical terms. Anthocyanins, a specific type of polyphenol, appear to be the most active antioxidants found in plums and prunes. Fruit, the fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a flowering plant, enclosing the seed or seeds. There are some four varieties of plums like Victoria plums, Greengage plums, Damsons plums and Mirabella plums. European plums are the most widely planted plums because they do not always require cross-pollination to bear fruit and grow in a variety of environmental conditions through out the U.S. European plums are best for eating fresh or canning because they are sweeter and less juicy than other types of plums. Most of the European varieties are oval, purple plums, used to make dried plums, or prunes. Some types of plums are definitely better than others, depending on what you use them for. This is a European variety of plum with dark skin and tart-flavored skin and flesh. 1/4 cup dried currants. The flesh of the fruit is crunchy and juicy, and the taste can vary considerably across the fruit. PLUM PUDDING RECIPE. They are: Simple Fruit. 1/3 cup brown sugar. What are the best and the worst fruits and berries to eat on a low-carb diet? European. Types of Fruits. They are great sources of many nutrients required by our body. There are 8 main types of fruits. Fruits are usually eaten raw, although some varieties can be cooked. All fruit types with nutrition information, natural and fresh fruits,tropical and compound fruits,organic and summer fruits, all about fruits and fruits nutrition, fruits development stages "Fruit is definitely on the maintenance diet. It has a yellow flesh with a red or mottled skin. By being related to this genus, this makes prunes a type (or a variety) of plums. In the late 19th century, more European varieties and new Asian plum types were cultivated and crossbred to create some of the plum types now available. These plum varieties grow best in areas where peach trees thrive, and are considered more fragile than the other two kinds of plum trees. Starfruit is a type of tropical fruit that is rapidly becoming popular in the United States. The fruit is medium to large often 2”-2 1/2” in diameter. For example, watermelon is a type of fruit that is classified as pepo fruit. 1 cup milk. There are many different types of plums which can be found in a wide variety of colours and sizes. This is an epicuticular wax coating and is known as "wax bloom". Both plums and prunes come from the same plant genus called Prunus. Although damsons are... 2) Elephant Heart Plum. 11 Types of Plums 1) Damson Plum. Shape, Size and Color Sarah Goldman The two main types of plums, grown commercially, are the European kind and the Japanese kind. It was bred by Infruitec in SA and released in 1973. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. Some types of plums are great for eating raw, but there are also lots of ways in which to cook them. Poach plums whole for 15 to 25 minutes. INGRIDIENTS. Skin is very firm, shiny, and waxy-like. There are essentially three different types of plum fruit - European, Italian and Japanese plums. It is almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person will have different needs and garden situations. They come in a wide variety of colours, shapes and flavours. The principal purpose of the fruit is the protection and dispersal of the seed, though some seedless fruits have been developed. It may seem surprising at first that plums and almonds are related, but almonds are in essence a type of plum where the nut (inside the stone) rather than the flesh is eaten. It has good texture and taste. Here are some ways, and how long it takes: You can eat the sweet, "dessert" varieties raw. This fruit is eaten fresh and chilled, scooped out using a spoon and discarding the seeds. Damsons Plums Small and round, these types of plums may be the original sour patch kids, with a firm, yellow-green flesh that carries one of the most astringent tastes in the plum world, despite this varietal’s higher-than-normal sugar content. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS •Black plum. Plum, any of various trees or shrubs in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae) and their edible fruits. Early settlers brought European varieties with them, forgoing wild American plums. Mature plum fruit may have a dusty-white waxy coating that gives them a glaucous appearance. Two popular types of Japanese plum trees are the Satsuma and the Santa Rosa. The European plum (P. domestica) and the And, as one of the last types of plums to ripen in the season, these sweet treats are worth the wait. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - best of all - eaten juicy fresh right off the tree. 1/2 cup raisins. This is a good option if you are looking for the sweetest plum variety. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. Despite the fruit's disgusting smell, when durians are ripe, the flavour of the flesh is the most delicious of tropical fruits. The health benefits of plums include relief from indigestion, influenza infections, weight loss, and anxiety-related problems.Plums’ antioxidant power helps to prevent and manage osteoporosis, macular degeneration, diabetes, and obesity.Additionally, plums also improve cognition, boost immunity, keep the nervous system healthy, and aid in skincare. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. EUROPEAN PLUMS . The flesh is yellow and it has a cling stone. The shape of the fruit means that when it is sliced, the section form five-pointed stars (although in some cases fruits may have a slightly different shape). The fruit has a sweet and succulent taste despite being relatively low in fructose compared to most types of fruit. This even means that plums and prunes are related to other genus fruits like cherries, almonds and peaches since they come from the same family. 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. Fruits come in a variety of flavors, including sweet, sour, bittersweet, and many more. •Damson plum •Empress plum. Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. syriaca), is the edible drupaceous fruit of the mirabelle prune tree. Keeping them healthy and pest free is a commitment you will have to make in order for them to produce fruit. A plum is a sweet fruit that grows on a plum tree.The scientific name for the tree is Prunus domestica.When the fruit is dried, it is called a prune.The color "plum" takes its name from the fruit.Prunus domestica is the European plum.Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. Pepo fruit types are generally relatively large fleshy fruits that have multiple seeds throughout the flesh or grouped together in the center. The plum is named after one of the pioneers of the fresh fruit industry in South Africa. 1 Here’s the short version: most berries are OK low-carb foods in moderate amounts, but fruits can be seen as candy from nature (they contain quite a lot of sugar). Types of fruit Fruit is the sweet, fleshy, edible part of a plant. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS AND PLUM PUDDING RECIPE . Growing fruit trees in South Africa is worth the effort. Unsurprisingly, this variety of plums is a large stone fruit that comes in the shape of … Start with one or two trees. Hybrid plums need a pollinating tree. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. Blackberries are one of the most commonly cultivated fruits. 12 dates, pitted and chopped. There are also dried plums which very tangy and plum is a single seed fruit. Plums are also called drupes fruit a hard stone surrounding on seed. If your garden space is limited, you don’t need to grow an entire orchard. The Japanese plum tree produces juicer plums, but the flavor of the fruits is less sweet than the European plums. Plum is about the size of an average tomato, measuring about 5-6 cm in diameter and weigh about 50-70 g.It features central umbilicated depression at the stem end. Harry Pickstone is harvested in weeks early January and the skin colour is green with a touch of red when picked, but turns dark red after cold storage. The definition of fruit for this list is a culinary fruit, i.e. Learn more about the definition of fruit, fruit types, the importance of fruit… It ripens in the third/fourth week of September. 1/4 cup butter. Internally, its pulp is sweet, juicy, succulent and varies widely from creamy yellow (mirabelle), crimson, light-blue or light-green (greengages or Reine claude plums) in color depending upon the cultivar type. Plums are native to a number of temperate regions around the world, including North America. The characteristic flavour of almonds can also sometimes be detected in cooked European plums, particularly the popular English Victoria plum. MOST FAMOUS PLUMS • black plum. They can be pollinated by another hybrid plum or by the American wild plum. Stew sliced and pitted plums for about 10 minutes. It is a very good late plum. Growing them in pots will keep them smaller and contained. It generally contains seeds. Victoria plum - The Victoria plum is a type of English plum. 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