The flight also carried Robert Seiple (president of World Vision) and a UCLA doctor who had worked in the aftermath of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. [23], Three locations between Spitak and Nalband (to the west) that were within several kilometers of the fault were examined for ground disturbances and each site was scrutinized for the effects of liquefaction. Eight of the selected sites were equipped with a vertical component velocity transducer along with an FM telemetry link to transfer data back to a central station where a three-component unit was stationed. A number of the smaller outlying villages away from the larger population centers were also severely affected. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … In February 1989 one hundred construction workers were assembling temporary housing for themselves in Leninakan with a plan to start on the local population's housing by the end of the month, though schools and factories were also on the list of facilities to be rebuilt. For many years following World War II the Soviets practiced a methodical top-down approach to urban planning and building, constructing a large number of uniformly built row style apartment units, and the Soviets plan for rebuilding Spitak did not diverge from that approach. Noji,2 &A.P. Within a matter of seconds, the second and third largest cities of Gyumri and Vanadzor (Leninakan and Kirovakan at the time), the town of Spitak and settlements in the Akhuryan, … Following an invitation by the Soviets for a critique of their plan, the American's proposal was ultimately accepted as the way forward. This is an excellent movie. Aznavour, together with Armenian-French composer Georges Garvarentz, formed a foundation called "Aznavour for Armenia" and composed the song as a call for help for the Armenians. The total number of volunteer rescue personnel in Leninakan totalled 2,000, with teams from Austria, Canada, Switzerland, the United States and Yugoslavia. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Armenia, 1988 - BPPBWG from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The cost of rebuilding would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev's plan for economic restructuring. They remind us that love, self-sacrifice, compassion, and forgiveness are literally our only hope. The newspaper Pravda complained that the lack of cranes meant that "seconds and hours are being lost -- that means lives." 2:19 [Deleted video] ԿԱՅԱՑՈՒՄ by HaykFilms. It is not about the earthquake but the human tragedy and the hope in the tragedy. Along the western segments the fault split into two branches with one to the southwest and the other to the northwest. Most bridges and tunnels and other public infrastructure withstood the earthquake but hospitals did not fare well. [31], Avant-garde musician Pierre Schaeffer led a 498-member French rescue team to look for survivors in Leninakan, and worked there until all foreign personnel were asked to leave after the plan to bulldoze what was left of the ruins was formulated. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. Beginning with late 1987 the Caucasus region was experiencing a surge in political turmoil with large and near constant demonstrations being held in the capital of Yerevan beginning in February 1988. Video availability outside of United States varies. Horrible acting. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. [18], The Soviet news media and government officials soon began to discuss the apparent substandard construction styles that had caused so many of Armenia's buildings to collapse. According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.” The engineers who scrutinized the damaged buildings and the rescue workers who had dismantled the buildings while extricating survivors ascribe both design shortcomings and improper construction methods for the failure of the buildings. One hundred and thirteen countries sent substantial amounts of humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union in the form of rescue equipment, search teams and medical supplies, but private donations and assistance from non-governmental organizations also had a large part of the international effort. Latest earthquakes in or near Armenia past 30 days. While transporting some of these supplies to the region, a Soviet aircraft carrying 9 crew members and 69 military personnel and a transport plane from Yugoslavia were both destroyed in separate incidents. List of earthquakes in Armenia. I felt the emotions of the characters. The journey was worth my time. Leonid Bibin, deputy chairman of the state building committee, stated that many newer homes collapsed as well and that he was beginning an investigation into the matter and that criminal charges would be brought. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. A standardized interview questionnaire was used. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian … It is very well made, true to life, and unrelenting. The earthquake measured 6.8 on the surface wave magnitude scale and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Devastating) on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. [21], The epicenters of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively narrow 50 km (31 mi) band. This is a movie about the earthquake in late 1988 that destroyed the second largest city in Soviet Armenia, Leninakan (now Kumayri), as well as other towns. While foreign doctors did assist with the Chernobyl incident, the Soviet relief effort after the earthquake was augmented by the largest foreign cooperation since World War II. Over 40,000 lives were lost. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. Armenian,1 E.K. 140,000 people were injured and 500,000 more were left homeless. So among disaster movies there is drama and action. Though the recurrence of seismic events in Armenia does not reach the high frequency that is seen in other segments of this zone, rapid crustal deformation there is associated with active thrust faulting and volcanic activity. The tapes were then played back and the P-wave and S-wave arrival times were used to automatically determine aftershock locations. Since 1988 a close cooperation exists bet-ween the University Children’s Hospital Zurich and the "[37], The Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for rebuilding the town of Spitak. Oganesian3 The studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. Much international aid was stolen, Kumayri and Spitak were never fully or safely rebuilt, and many damaged lives were not healed. Uneven distribution of the seismic energy may have also contributed to the fluctuation in damage. Health minister Yevgeniy Chazov urged the creation of a governmental body to assist with disaster management. I was in Leninakan in 1982, when Armenia was still the "sunny outdoor museum of the USSR", a place of good food, ancient culture, a creative people risen from the ashes of the 1915 Genocide. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). Officials acknowledged that the work to complete the rebuilding may take up to five years or longer, a supposition that more than doubled Gorbachev's estimate of two years. Finally an Armenian movie about the Yerevan, Reviewed in the United States on December 6, 2020. earthquake of 1988-now, they need to make one about the Turkish genocide against them! An engineer with the team stated that the regulations for the area mandated that buildings be required to stand up against events measuring seven or eight on the twelve degree Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. For me a movie is about going on a journey with the characters, and this was the reason for 5 stars. Beginning with late 1987 the Caucasus region was experiencing a surge in political turmoil with large and near constant demonstrations being held in the capital of Yerevan beginning in February 1988. The range is situated along an active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps in southern Europe to the Himalayas in Asia. A Father's Promise An All-Creatures Spiritual Archives Story from All-Creatures.org A Father's Promise. The paper also stated that too many Soviet personnel were giving advice and not enough people were actually searching. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia… Then-Armenian Assembly Board Chairman Hirair Hovnanian leading a delegation bringing humanitarian relief to Armenia after the 1988 earthquake WASHINGTON, D.C. – On the 30th Anniversary of the Spitak Earthquake, the Armenian Assembly of America (Assembly) remembers the thousands of lives lost and villages destroyed after a massive earthquake, registering 6.9 on the Richter Scale, struck… Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. . The unrest and the opposition movement began in September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of 1989. A woman looks at her destroyed house, on December 11, 1988, in the devastated town of Spitak, after an earthquake hit Armenia, on December 7, 1988. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. Must See Videos Video duration 2:38 Armenia earthquake 30 years on Jump to media player Two British firefighters revisit Spitak, the scene of a devastating earthquake in 1988. Author and professor of geopolitics Pierre Verluise detailed in his 1995 book Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, how a French doctor and director of a Leninakan hospital described that he had seen one hundred victims suffering from the syndrome each day during the first three days. It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. [38][39], The Tsakheadzhor earthquake on October 20, 1827 was centered about 50 kilometers (31 mi) southeast of Spitak and had a maximum intensity of VIII on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. Updated 13 Dec 2020 18:56 GMT - There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. While that shock may have been related to the Pambak-Sevan fault, the October 22, 1926 Leninakan earthquake to the west of the 1988 event also had a maximum intensity of MSK VIII. Video On Dec 7 1988 a devastating earthquake hit the Soviet republic of Armenia, killing around 25,000 people. Today marks 32nd anniversary since 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … [32] Nikolai Ryzhkov, the then Chairman of the Council of Ministers, was awarded the National Hero of Armenia for his work in rebuilding the city following the earthquake. A group of French recording artists and actors came together with the French writer and composer Charles Aznavour to record the 1989 song "Pour toi Arménie" (For you Armenia). 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