Choose a big container, at least a 5 gallon capacity pot or container. So there we have it folks, that was our article on how to grow eggplants in containers. If the nights are still frosty, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place. Most are heavy, dense fruits on medium to large sized bushes which wouldn’t be appropriate for container grown eggplant. Eggplant seed is slow to germinate and needs at least 2 weeks to germinate under ideal conditions of 20 ° C and relative humidity. Fill the container with a high quality potting soil that will drain quickly. Eggplants comes in a lot of sizes and color and each one has unique taste and characterisics. Your eggplant bushes need pots from 12 to 14 inches in diameter. You do not want to pick eggplant before it is ripe. When the weather warms to daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, harden off the plants by moving them outside for a few hours during the warmer time of the day. Find a Sunny Spot. Plant the eggplant at the same level they were in their nursery pots and put a handful of time release fertilizer in the hole at the time of planting. Water and keep them in a warm and bright place in your home. Place a few seeds in each cell or pot, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil. container. One the seeds have germinated (typically 7 to 14 days), uncover the container and move it to a sunny window for maximum sun exposure. Conclusion. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. Eggplants are versatile fruits that belong to the nightshade family along with tomatoes and other fruits. By understanding what eggplants need to grow … There are so many ways to cook eggplant, really, there is not a best way to cook it. Make sure that the pot has large drainage holes as well – this is very important. Make sure they get at least six hours of unobstructed sun per day—the more sun the better. Position the containers up against a north-facing wall to … The best medium for container grown eggplant is two parts good quality potting soil and one part sand. When potting mature seedlings or purchased starts, mix an all-purpose fertilizer into your potting soil at the beginning of the season. Water deeply and consistently, but don’t overwater. That is why we make sure to plant it from April onwards, when the temperature has risen sharply. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. You will need to know what kind of eggplant you have planted to know when to harvest it. To plant the eggplant, fill the container with potting mix and plant in a 6 to 8-inch hole. This is particularly common in eggplants growing in containers. For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October The flowers are gorgeous, and the eggplants look like little (or big) molded sculptures. Eggplants, like tomatoes and peppers, are from the nightshade family and prefer warm soil and air. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Preheat the oven to 400 F. Toss the eggplant with a little olive oil, some kosher salt, and pepper. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. It can be round, long and thin, or pear-shaped. Turn the pieces once or twice until the eggplant is brown and soft. Reapply about 12 weeks later. Leave on the skin and cut it into small pieces about a half-inch square. Make sure your container has drainage holes in the bottom, then fill with organic potting soil and compost in a 1-1 ratio. Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds offer a number of eggplant varieties to try growing yourself. In between applying the sustained release fertilizer, feed weekly. Find Out Which Is Best for Your Garden, 14 Best Vegetables to Grow in a Fall Garden, Cucamelon (Mexican Sour Gherkin) Plant Profile. I pot up the seedlings as they grow, and set them out when their roots fill a 4-inch (10cm) pot and the plants are quite stocky. You can take a clay pot or plastic gardening pots or trays for planting the seeds. You need one pot for every two seeds. Intro: Eggplant, which is perhaps most famous for the prominent role it plays in eggplant parmesan, is not only an easy vegetable to grow, but it is also a beautiful addition to a container garden. Eggplant starts are the best way to go unless you live in a sunny climate as they will give you a jump start on the growing season. Here are a few tips from Rodale’s Organic Life for growing eggplants in containers: 1.) Eggplant will fall over once loaded with fruit! Seedling trays and other containers made of cheap plastic may make it easier to transfer your seedlings into larger pots later on. If you see tiny round holes in the leaves of the plants early in the season, you could have flea beetles, but again, this is not likely to happen with potted plants that use a sterile potting soil. A position close to a window or other natural light is best. The eggplant, related to the tomato, produce bushes that are up to five feet tall and have hairy, coarse foliage. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. For Container or terrace gardening, use a 5 or 10-gallon container i.e., 4-8 liter box to grow mature eggplant. Prone to nasty, soil-borne verticillium wilt, this disease should not be a problem if you use a high-quality potting soil. Keep the seeds in containers in a dark and warm place until the seeds have sprouted. Growing eggplant in containers is a wonderful way to add more vegetables to your diet. Eggplants are a fantastic vegetable to grow in containers. Do not set pots or containers on cement patios if you live in a hot climate. If you let the pot dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect, unmarred fruit. Pinch out the terminal growing points for a … If you are using a very light soil, you will have to water enough times during the day so that the soil does not completely dry out. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull … For general feeding, apply a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season. Add a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at planting and then every few weeks during the season, especially when plants start to bloom. You can also build a bamboo cage or use a coated metal tomato cage. Each eggplant needs 12 to 14 inches to grow in a container. With the rise of upside down gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers. Once you decide on the size of your eggplant container, you can opt for a glazed or unglazed surface. Eggplant is more warm-growing than tomato and pepper and much more sensitive to low temperatures. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) Lay it in a single layer in a baking pan. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Eggplant Growing Tips. Also, consistent watering is key to continued eggplant health. Eggplant comes in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. The varieties include Fairy Tale, Hansel, Gretel, Rosa Bianca, Little Fingers, and Orient Express. This avoids disturbing the roots once the plant is established. To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. Starting Eggplants from Seeds Ensure you plant up to two seeds in each cell of a seedling tray or directly sow two seeds in each container. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the … How To Grow Herbs Indoors on a Sunny Windowsill, Vegetable Seeds or Seedlings? How to Grow and Care for Eggplant in Containers . You can plant three eggplants in a 20-inch pot. Eggplants growing in a container need different care than plants growing in the ground. waiwai08/getty. Most varieties will be fine tied to a piece of bamboo or a wooden stake sunk deeply into your pot. These smaller plants provide a means to growing eggplant in containers. Also, eggplant, like tomatoes, are heat lovers. Sow one seed per seedling pot about ¼â€ deep. Your goal is to keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet. In the heat of the summer, depending on your pot size, that may mean you need to water your plant twice a day or more. Growing Eggplants. Pot only 1 Eggplant in 10-14-inch containers. Eggplants are quite happy in containers or even in 40-litre bags of potting mix with planting slots cut into them. Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. Eggplant needs a fast-draining potting soil, but also one that will not dry out too fast. Start the seeds in small pots or cell packs filled with a bagged or homemade seed-starting mix. They should germinate in 7-14 days. Cover the planters with a plastic bag or film, and set the pots on top of the refrigerator or on a heat mat—the ideal temperature for germination is 75 degrees Fahrenheit. This ensures adequate nutrients and water retention while encouraging draining of excess moisture. They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. (Germination normally takes 7–10 days). Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. Repot eggplant seedlings into larger pots filled with potting soil or the same mix the seeds were germinated in. How to Container Grow Eggplant. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. Caring for Eggplant in Containers. The pot also needs drainage holes on the bottom, preventing fungus and mildew from growing in the soil. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the … It is rather capricious and requires a lot of heat and sustained fertilization. If you are growing eggplant in a pot or container, it is also a good idea to use some type of mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil, which helps to keep the soil moist. Look for an area in your yard that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight every day. Growing Eggplants in Container Pots. The eggplants can grow bigger and bushier so the bigger pot is always better. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. [1] X Research source Growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 10, eggplants (Solanum melongena) are beloved for their glossy fruit used in cooking. But, if you want to experience the full flavor of a freshly picked garden eggplant, simply roast it. Make certain there are large, unblocked drainage holes. Kerry Michaels is a writer and photographer with several years specializing in gardening and landscape design. How to Grow Eggplant Plants Six to eight weeks before the average last frost in your area, begin to sow eggplant seeds indoors. It is imp… Soil: Eggplants need a moderately rich, well-draining soil. Water the pots well and install a small support system, like a tomato cage. How to grow eggplant from seed? If you choose a 20-inch pot, you can plant three compact eggplant varieties in it. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Potting mix (1 part of the soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, and 1 part of peat moss) is good for container planting. Eggplant requires a lot of nutrients. A good rule of thumb is to pick eggplant when the skin appears glossy and the fruit has a little give when you squeeze it. How to Grow Eggplant. Eggplants are sun lovers. Most container friendly or compact eggplants don’t need staking. And, you can get a large harvest from a single plant. Be sure to stake tall plants or use a cage to keep the plants upright. Since some eggplant varieties can grow up to 4-feet high, choose a pot size of at least 5 gallons. Checkout: Can you eat Ornamental Peppers?-Myth Buster. Firm down well. Although not particular about soil pH, a neutral to slighly acidic (6.5 – 6.8) pH is ideal. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. If you wish to plant eggplant from seeds be sure to plant 2 seeds in each container, as this will likely ensure at least one will grow. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Aubergine is a tropical fruit that takes some care to grow in the UK or colder climates but is simple in warmer countries so in this video I will include temperatures, growing mediums, containers, and the best way to grow healthy plants. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a vegetable of tropical origin. Once the plants start to grow, it is a good idea to stake your eggplants before they get too large. You have more flexibility with container-grown plants, but the same general timeframe is recommended, to take advantage of the full growing season. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. However, those conditions can easily be obtained when growing eggplants in containers. This could make the plants too … It helps to work in several inches of compost or other organic matter before planting. Modern breeding programs are answering the call of the limited space gardener. container. Because eggplants are a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow and spread out. If you are a forgetful waterer, choose the glazed pots. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. To start eggplant seedlings, you’ll want to plant the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before you plan to transplant them outside. For successful seed germination, a seedling heat mat will ensure soil temperature can be ideally maintained at 80-90F (26-32C). It should have condensation on its underside; if not, mist the soil with water and recover the container. You will want to start with a good-sized pot – approximately the size of a 5-gallon bucket. Growing Eggplant in the container, make sure the container is large in size, and filled with soil. Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. In the spring, most Canadian garden centres offer eggplants in containers. Unglazed – These containers absorb water, which … There are several varieties to choose from with a range of sizes, shapes, and colors. Every two seeds should be planted in one pot. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. If growing eggplant in containers, stake the stems before the fruit forms. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. This disease is fairly common in traditional garden soil. Diligently protect outdoor plants from cold in spring. It can be white, purple, almost black, bright green, and speckled. If the conditions are too cold, the plants will fail to thrive. You can eat it right out of the oven or cold the next day. Tall plants may need staking or a tomato cage. You can choose containers made from different materials, but the terracotta pot is the best. Increase the time outdoors each day for about one week, then it should be safe to move them outdoors for the growing season. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle (the watering must be very gentle until the seeds germinate). Purchase small pots or plastic gardening trays if starting your eggplants from seed. Use sustained release fertilizer pellets when you first plant the eggplant in the container. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Container grown plants often escape damage, because eggplant flea beetles don’t venture onto decks and patios in search of host plants, and the dark containers help warm the roots on sunny days. Remember, the eggplants require a lot of warmth for germination, more than tomatoes and peppers. Keep an eye on the plastic covering. Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. If you intend to transplant your seedlings to the garden, start the seeds 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. There are cultivars, however, that have been developed to be compact as an answer to the growing number of small space gardeners. If you have grown this eggplant variety before, do put in … Best Type of Container. Types Of White Eggplant: Are There Eggplants That Are White, Making Tomato Cages - How To Build A Tomato Cage, Hanging Eggplants: Can You Grow An Eggplant Upside Down, Upper Midwest Evergreens – Choosing Evergreen Shrubs For Upper Midwest, West North Central Conifers: What Are The Best Northern Plains Conifers, What Is A Columnar Tree: Popular Columnar Tree Varieties, Eliminate Dollar Weed – How To Kill Dollar Weed, Celery Harvest – Picking Celery In Your Garden, Christmas Tree Alternative: Decorating An Outdoor Tree For Birds, New Zealand Christmas Tree – My Favorite Christmas Plant, Favorite Garden Toys: Garden-Related Gifts Through The Eyes Of A Gardener, Popular Holiday Plant Info: Fun Facts About Poinsettia. To start eggplants from seed, the temperature needs to be at least 68 F (20 C). 4. Eggplant from Seed I will be showing how to grow Eggplant aka Aubergine aka Brinjal from seed in containers. 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