The Formosan subterranean termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits, due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. Drywood termites - Measure 3/8 to 1-inch long and appear white, off-white, or … All services require an appointment. Drywood termites are native to South Florida. Of the subterranean termite species that can be found in the Palm Beach and Broward County areas, the Formosan termite is by far the most damaging type of termite. However, there are two types of invasive termites, the Formosan and Asian subterranean termites, that have caused substantial damage to structures across South Florida. This species will start its swarming activity in late April to early May, and has now spread to many other locations across the state. Formosan subterranean termite nests are much larger than that of a native subterranean termite. The invasive Formosan subterranean termite leads the assault. Before the 1960's, there was no such thing as a Formosan subterranean termite in the United States. As of 2019, the distribution of Formosan subterranean termite in the United States includes Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas (Figure 2). Code related sections are from the Florida Building Code (2001). Formosan subterranean termite. When these termites invade a house above-ground, foraging tubes of ca. Often referred to as “super termites,” they are the most voracious, aggressive and devious of over 2,000 termite species known to science, chewing through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. Both types of termite have evolved separately for hundreds of … the most recent update of Formosan subterranean termite distribution in Florida. Formosan Subterranean Termite: This type of termite is known as the most destructive termite in the United States, and Florida falls right smack in the middle of its territory. La Fage J, 1987. Scientific Name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, 1909 (ITIS) Common Name: Formosan subterranean termite (FST), ground termites. Formosans can use cracks the thickness of a credit card to invade. Formosan Subterranean Termites are found in massive numbers in southern states of America, and South Florida is badly affected. Among those 80 pest species, subterranean termites are well-represented. About Plans. Third, the Formosan subterranean termite is distributed more widely than other invasive subterranean termites, and is now established in mainland China (its natural range), Taiwan, Japan, Hawaii, South Africa and the continental U.S. Known as the Asian subterranean termite, or Philippine milk termite, this species has the scientific name Coptotermes gestroi, and is closely related to the Formosan subterranean termite. Also, the state’s status as a major destination for international tourism, travel and trade mean that Florida has a greater number of non-native organisms arriving than many states – termites among them. Termite infestations rank among the most serious arthropod-related concerns for Florida property owners, and most homeowners’ insurance policies do not cover termite damage. In the U.S.: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. Within the Blattodea order, this species is part of the infraorder Isoptera, which includes termites only – about 3,100 species worldwide. Just one colony can contain several million of these pests vs. several hundred thousand of other subterranean termite varieties. In urban southeaster… South Florida is one of three places on Earth (the other two being Taiwan and Hawaii) where both species exist in the same place, and the situation has led to interbreeding between the termites. The pest was first reported in the continental U.S. in 1960, from three states – Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas. Scientists at the University of Florida have confirmed the Asian and Formosan subterranean termites – both formidable non-native species -- are mating in South Florida… Distribution (Back to Top) Coptotermes gestroi is endemic to Southeast Asia. Area of Distribution:The Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) has now become established in Florida and other southern At least one colony has been found In California (1995). All detectable Formosan Subterranean Termite (FST) colonies in Armstrong Park were eliminated in 04. This termite is particularly known for its tendency to establish populations in nonendemic areas via maritime vessels as well as human-aided transport of infested materials. The species was brought to Japan when the U.S. was still a British colony, and it arrived in Hawaii shortly before 1900. Whereas C. formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite) has a warm temperate/subtropical distribution, C. gestroi (Asian subterranean termite) has a tropical distribution (Cao & Su 2015). They also proposed that Coptotermes gestroi be given the common name of "Asian subterranean termite." Largely established in Florida and other southern states, Formosan subterranean termites are … Formosan subterranean termites are the most aggressive and destructive wood-destroying pests in the United States. What makes these termites so dangerous is their ability to reproduce quickly and consume enormous amounts of food. As pest management professionals know, the Asian subterranean termite and the Formosan subterranean termite are among the two most destructive termite species in the world and both are invasive in the state of Florida. These pests live in the soil and will create mud tubes as they forage for food above the soil surface. The Formosan subterranean termite. He is Dr. Nan-Yao Su, a distinguished professor with the UF/IFAS Department of Entomology and Nematology. Service areas. Part of the Asian subterranean termite’s range actually overlaps with the range of the Formosan subterranean termite, which prefers sub-tropical and temperate conditions. For this reason, it’s important for all Florida property owners to consider professional termite protection for their structures. Make payments or register online to renew or obtain new licenses by selecting a keyword which best matches your license needs below. Kirton and Brown (2003) determined that "Haviland's subterranean termite," Coptotermes havilandi Holmgren, was a newer second name given to a termite that already had the name Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann). Established in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. For more information about the Formosan subterranean termite, see this “Featured Creatures” document produced by the UF/IFAS Department of Entomology and Nematology. Practical considerations of the Formosan subterranean termite in Louisiana: a 30-year-old problem. Box 10569Pensacola, FL  32524. What It Is: The Formosan subterranean termite is a member of the insect order Blattodea, which includes cockroaches and termites. Native To: East Asia (Lax and Osbrink 2003) Date of U.S. Introduction: 1960s (Messenger et al. They impact structures and urban tree canopies and have historically swarmed at different times. In 2013-2015, it was observed that the Asian subterranean termite and the Formosan subterranean termite had simultaneous dispersal flights (see original report), and were able to mate in the field. To avoid attracting swarmers, turn off porch lights or use a yellow bug light. Riverview FL. Have your home annually inspected by a licensed pest control company. In Florida, urbanized areas offer an abundance of lumber for pest termites. Formosan mud tube on infested boat. The Formosan subterranean termite is native to Southern China and was first detected in Florida in 1980 in Hallandale, in Broward County. Sarasota FL. Division of Licensing Regional Offices have reopened to the public. However, the Asian subterranean termite favors tropical conditions and has thus far been found only in South Florida. The Formosan subterranean termite was a seasoned world traveler long before its first reported appearance in Florida. While native subterranean termite nests have members in the hundreds of thousands, Formosan subterranean termite nests can have nests in the millions. Full termite control for all species of termites including, Subterranean, Formosan Subterranean and Drywood Termites. Florida Cooperative Extension Service Circulation, ENT-51. The most commonly used treatment for infestations is application of a liquid insecticide that is poured into the soil close to the exterior of the structure to be protected. Formosan subterranean termite (FST) acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 1900s. Lakewood Ranch FL. A   B   C   D  E   F   G   H   I   J  K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T  U   V   W  X  Y  Z, Johanna Welch, DPMP.O. Riverview FL. Competitive Prices. Figure by Rudolf Scheffrahn, University of Florida. 941-567-4225. It is known scientifically as Coptotermes formosanus, and commonly as the Formosan subterranean termite. From there, the Formosan subterranean termite has expanded its range to include all parts of the state, and the species is now established in all major metropolitan areas of Florida. If you own a home or any other structure in Florida, educate yourself about the Formosan subterranean termite, the threat it poses to structures in this state, and options for protecting your investment. Venice FL. What is a Formosan or Asian Termite? Formosan Subterranean Termite is a species that has been transported worldwide. They have a long-life cycle, ranging from five to eight years. (You can learn more about termite protection and treatment in the feature story, “Termite Protection Plans” on the Bug Week website, http://bugs.ufl.edu.). Bradenton FL. Formosan termites are the most destructive species of termites in Florida. External links are made available for the convenience of the internet user. ©2019-2020 Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer ServicesFlorida Capitol — Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0800Questions? Licensed & Insured. The Asian subterranean termite and the Formosan subterranean termite are among the two most destructive termite species in the world and both are invasive in Florida. Contact US. Biology and control of the Formosan subterranean termite. Termites have been around since the days of the dinosaur and are certainly not uncommon in sub-tropical South Florida. Bubbling wallpaper. The links that are shown are not an exclusive listing of organizations available within the state. How It’s Currently Addressed: Subterranean termite treatment should be handled by pest-management professionals, it is not an undertaking for do-it-yourselfers. Unless checked, the damage will lead to extensive repair work costing thousands of dollars. … The Formosan subterranean termite was first reported in Florida in the early 1980s in Hallandale, Broward County. Swarms are quite large with up to tens of thousands of alates. Venice FL. The Miami-Fort Lauderdale area, with about 6 million residents, represents the only location in the continental U.S. where the distribution of Asian and Formosan termites overlap. Though the hybrid’s potential impact is still unknown, experts fear that it may display a phenomenon known as “hybrid vigor” and be better suited to survive than either of its parent species. They are an invasive pest, native to Asia, that entered Southern ports in the 1950s. If the new food source happens to be an untreated wood component in a building, workers may establish an ongoing infestation, gradually destroying the original infestation site and simultaneously roaming the building in search of new food sources. One invasive species, the Formosan subterranean termite, has become Florida’s most feared wood-destroying pest because it forms larger colonies than other termite species, and its workers forage over wider areas. Appearance of Formosan Subterranean Termite. In the United States it causes tremendous property damage resulting in enormous treatment and repair costs. However, about 80 termite species worldwide are considered serious pests because they have certain attributes: They infest structures, form large colonies, and have a history of causing substantial economic damage. It is currently found in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Texas, Arizona, California and Hawaii. The Asian subterranean termite has made a slow progression up Florida’s east coast from Key West, with colonies now identified in Ft. Lauderdale, Boca Raton and West Palm Beach. This fact speaks to the termite’s adaptability, but it is not clear whether the insect’s physical or behavioral attributes played a role in helping it successfully invade so many new environments. The Formosan subterranean termite (FST) acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 1900s, but C. formosanus is … Beginning in 2015, the Florida Department of Agriculture of Consumer Science (FDACS) began trapping the alates. You can learn more in the  posted to the Bug Week website. Typical “shredded wheat” interior structural damage. Our Town | November 1, 2018. The technology was incorporated into the Sentricon® subterranean termite colony elimination system, which reached the consumer market in 1995 and has now protected more than 3 million homes in 18 countries and pre-empted the use of 9,000 metric tons of insecticide. All other things being equal, a large colony causes damage faster than a small one. The typical strategy for home and business owners is to engage a company to provide one-time treatment for active infestations, and/or have a company perform yearly inspections and treat when necessary. Although individual Formosan subterranean termites are not more voracious than native subterranean termites, the Formosan species forms colonies that can be far larger than those of native termites, so the overall damage caused by a single infestation can be much greater. Fortunately for Florida home and property owners, one of the world’s foremost authorities on subterranean termites is a long-time faculty member at the UF/IFAS Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center. The Asian subterranean termite mimics the Formosan termite in its aggressive methods of attacking wood, but there are subtle physical differences between the two species (see box at right). Because of its ability to consume a vast amount of wood in a short amount of time, this type of termite has earned the nickname “the super termite.” In fact, a health adult colony can eat up to a pound of wood a day. Asian and Formosan subterranean termites contribute in large part to the cost associated with termite damage and control globally, the study says. By the 1950s, it was reported in South Africa. However, since the 2010s, their geographic distribution and their mating … The first report from Florida came in 1980, from Hallandale, in Broward County. Where It’s Found in Florida: The Formosan subterranean termite can tolerate moderately cold temperatures and is established in every major metropolitan area of Florida. Termites are social insects, and every colony contains three “castes” or types of termite, each with a different role to play – reproductives, soldiers and workers. All of these termite species are equally susceptible to the toxic effects of insecticides; the difference is that mature Formosan subterranean termite colonies are so large and expansive that it would require a more careful planning effort, and more liberal application of liquid insecticide, than is needed for management of native species. Among this army of so-called “silent destroyers” is a new invasive species, the Asian subterranean termite. Swarms are quite large with up to tens of thousands of alates. Originating in China, these aggressive pests made their way to Florida where their endless appetite for destruction and huge colonies can consume wood at an alarming rate. Although no formal UF/IFAS studies have been conducted on the issue, anecdotal evidence suggests that, unlike native subterranean termite species, colonies of Formosan subterranean termites can survive liquid insecticide treatment. But it was probably introduced there at least five to 10 years previously. From 2000 to 2010 there has been a 20% increase in Asian and Formosan termites, and from 2010 to 2015 50% increase. In 1980, a well-established colony was thriving in a condominium in Hallandale Beach, Florida. Duplicate License For Agencies, Schools and Individuals licensed under Chapter 493 F.S. Established in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 1-800-HELP-FLA (1-800-435-7352) or 1-800-FL-AYUDA (1-800-352-9832), Mon.–Fri. Repair any leaks in or around your home immediately. Somewhere between 80 and 90 percent of the individuals in a subterranean termite nest are workers, and they spend their time foraging for sources of food. It was confirmed in laboratory settings that the mating resulted in vigorous hybrid colonies. Su and his post-doctoral associate, Thomas Chouvenc, continue to research subterranean termites in South Florida, and are particularly focused on the hybrid Asian/Formosan termite that was identified recently, and may pose a serious threat to structures in South Florida. Again, if the foraging workers encounter food, they may start a new infestation. What It Does: As the name implies, subterranean termites nest in soil. Their … The Life of a Formosan Subterranean Termite. Subterranean Termite In Florida, Formosan termite swarms usually occur from April through July on calm, warm, and humid evenings. Neither the Asian nor the Formosan subterranean termite is native to Florida. Native to Florida? This can lead to the following damage: Bulging walls that look like they've been damaged by water. Asian termites are very similar to Formosan termites but are better suited for tropical climates. The state of Florida takes no responsibility for a link's operation or content. http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/formosan_termite.htm. This destructive species was apparently transported to Japan prior to the 17th century and to Hawaii in the late 19th century. In recent years, another invasive subterranean termite has been detected in South Florida. Subterranean termites are being studied at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences lab in Davie. This species can develop colonies containing several million termites, which relentlessly feed on structural lumber, utility poles and other wooden structures, leading to substantial economic loss. Environmentally Friendly. From a pest-management standpoint, workers are the caste that people worry about most. But it was probably introduced there at least five to 10 years previously. Ceilings that dip down. The Formosan termites like the warm temperatures and live in densely populated areas of the Southern states. Florida is home to a variety of invasive species, and the Formosan subterranean termite is one of the worst. Competitive Prices. Formosan termites are a subterranean species of termite with three distinct castes: alates (or reproductive), soldiers and workers. However, UF/IFAS researchers have not collected enough data to make definitive statements on the threat the hybrid poses. What Can YOU Do About It? The Formosan contains the largest number of termite pests per colony than any other termite species worldwide, and the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, is the most widely distributed and most economically important. In the New World, C. formosanus has invaded most of the southeastern United States, whereas C. gestroi has invaded areas of Brazil, most of the Caribbean, and more recently, parts of south Florida … The Formosan subterranean termite was a seasoned world traveler long before its first reported appearance in Florida. 0.25 to 0.5 inch diameter may be found connecting soil tubes and the infested house. Identification. The $16.6 billion figure is an estimate developed from 2010 data on pesticide sales; the actual figure in 2016 is probably slightly higher. They impact structures and urban tree canopies and have historically swarmed at different times. In Florida, Formosan termite swarms usually occur from April through July on calm, warm, and humid evenings. Formosan termites are known as “super termites” in comparison to the nearly 2,000 other termite species, because of their ability to rapidly consume wood and cause massive damage. They were too busy ravaging China, Japan, South Africa, and other remote countries. Florida Pest Control Experts. “We are at risk of losing our houses. It’s been estimated that the workers in a large Formosan subterranean termite colony can collectively destroy almost one pound of wood each day. A suitable location for nesting should provide a constant moisture source and a readily available timber food source close by. The Formosan termite acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 20th century, but C. formosanus is probably endemic to southern China. When foraging workers locate wood that’s suitable to consume they leave a pheromone trail to lead others back to the find. The Formosan subterranean termite has a well-deserved reputation as the most troublesome termite species worldwide, for several reasons. Once established, the Formosan subterranean termite has never been eradicated from an area. It is currently found in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, … Formosan subterranean: Similar to Asian subterranean, they usually swarm at dusk and sunrise from April to June; usually found near windows, light fixtures and … The non-native Formosan and Asian species arrive fast, in huge numbers, and hit hard. Its native region is China. Just one colony can contain several million of these pests vs. several hundred thousand of other subterranean termite varieties. Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, is the most widely distributed and most economically important wood destroying insect. Formosan termites build and live in nests called “carton nests.” They form these nests underground, in trees, and in the walls of structures. the formosan subterranean termite Most Common Termite To The Area The Formosan contains the largest number of termite pests per colony than any other termite species worldwide, and the Formosan subterranean termite is the most widely distributed and has the most issues in the area. Therefore, monitoring of movement of the species is critical. In the city of New Orleans where this termite species was introduced in the 1950’s, the control and repair costs due to FST are estimated at $300 million annually. Common name: Formosan subterranean termite. Take care not to disturb the termite treatment around your foundation. The Asian subterranean termite has made a slow progression up Florida’s east coast from Key West, with colonies now identified in Ft. Lauderdale, Boca Raton and West Palm Beach. As of 2019, Formosan subterranean termite is found in almost all major urban areas of Florida (Figure 3). By proper taxonomic convention, the older name, Coptotermes gestroi, must be recognized. Neither the Asian nor the Formosan subterranean termite is native to Florida. Who Is Affected: Taking into account native and invasive species, subterranean termites can impact anyone in Florida who owns, rents or occupies a structure containing wood components. The swarmers are attracted to lights and are often found around windows, light fixtures, windowsills, and spider webs in lighted areas. Firearms Instructor Class K License Renewal, Laboratory Test Bills - Animal Diagnostic Lab, LP Gas Qualifier/Master Qualifier Renewal, Manager License - Private Investigative Agency Class MA License Renewal, Manager License - Private Investigative and Security Agency Class M License Renewal, Manager License - Recovery Agency Class MR License Renewal, Manager License - Security Agency Class MB License Renewal, Plant Inspection - Beekeeper Registration, Plant Inspection - Stock Dealer Registration, Private Investigative Agency Branch Class AA License Renewal, Private Investigative Agency Class A License Renewal, Private Investigative and Security Agency Branch Class AB License Renewal, Private Investigator Class C License Renewal, Private Investigator Intern Class CC License Renewal, Professional Surveyors and Mappers - Admin Fine, Qualifier/Master Qualifier Renewal - LP Gas, Recovery Agency Branch Class RR License Renewal, Recovery Agent Instructor Class RI License Renewal, Recovery Agent Intern Class EE License Renewal, Recovery Agent School or Training Facility Class RS License Renewal. Some experts have questioned whether the sheer size of the typical Formosan termite colony limits the effectiveness of liquid insecticide barriers, and whether this species is best managed via the use of poison baits. The Formosan subterranean termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits, due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. Worker termites are blind but they communicate effectively with one another, using pheromones, vibrations and other means. The Formosan termite is an invasive subterranean termite that causes significant damage in the United States. The Formosan subterranean termite was first reported in Florida in early 1980s in Hallandale, Broward County. Licensed & Insured. Formosans can chew through non-wood materials like PVC pipe. Beginning in 2015, the Florida Department of Agriculture of Consumer Science (FDACS) began trapping the alates. In the U.S.: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. However, the Formosan subterranean termite is potentially more destructive. Subterranean termites are the most common type of termites found in Florida homes, and they also cause the most damage. A Formosan subterranean termite infestation is a serious problem, as these “super termites” cost American homeowners $1 billion a year in property damage, repairs and control methods. They live and invade from underground, thriving on. Estimated repair costs: a large but undetermined fraction of the $16.6 billion spent each year nationwide to repair damage caused by all termite species. Therefore, monitoring of movement of the species is critical. Formosan Subterranean Termite, Adults, worker (top), soldier (bottom) - Gerald J. Lenhard. 8 a.m.–5 p.m. EST | LIVE CHAT, Aerial Application of Seed, Pesticides and Fertilizer, Certified Florida Farm Wineries and Vineyards, FDACS Report: The Impacts of Mexico's Ag Exports on Florida Agriculture, Fertilizer Licensing and Tonnage Reporting, Florida Agriculture Overview and Statistics, Florida Seafood and Aquaculture Overview and Statistics, Florida Young Farmer and Rancher Resources, Concealed Weapon License Forms and Publications, Concealed Weapon License Service Locations, Public Records Exemption for Concealed Weapons, "Fresh From Florida" Resources for Parents, Teachers and Students, "Planet Ag" Agricultural Topics for Science Fair Projects, Florida Advisory Council on Climate and Energy, Agricultural Permit Exemption Determinations, Administrative Fine - Business Opportunities, Administrative Fine - Motor Vehicle Repair, Administrative Fine - Petroleum Inspections, Administrative Fine - Solicitation of Contributions, Administrative Fine - Surveyors and Mappers, Administrative Fine - Weights and Measure. The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosa- nusShiraki, is one of the most destructive termite species in the world today. Due to the large size of its colonies and its aggressive foraging behavior, the Formosan termite can be more destructive than native U.S. subterranean termite species. Formosan subterranean termite workers will also make speculative searches of any small spaces they can enter around the foundation of a building, including expansion joints, cracks in mortar and spaces around penetrations where pipes, wires and vents pass through walls. They impact structures and urban tree canopies and have historically swarmed at different times. Formosan Subterranean Termite. Subterranean termites are being studied at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences lab in Davie. The pest was first reported in the continental U.S. in 1960, from three states – Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas. The state of Florida neither endorses links nor approves of links to external sources. The Asian subterranean termite mimics the Formosan termite in its aggressive methods of attacking wood, but there are subtle physical differences between the two species (see box at right). What Is UF Doing About It? In: Tamashiro M, Su NY, eds. For more information about the Asian subterranean termite, see: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/havilandi.htm, For more information on native subterranean termites, see: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/native_subterraneans.htm, http://flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/termites-in-florida/termite-distribution/, http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/native_subterraneans.htm, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 110620 | Bldg. Photograph by Rudolf H. Scheffrahn, University of Florida ( Figure 3 ) new! Order Blattodea, which includes 28 species – 18 of which are considered serious pests Formosan subterranean termite nests much... Urbanized areas offer an abundance of lumber for pest termites division of Licensing Regional have. A well-deserved reputation as the most common formosan subterranean termite florida of termites found in Florida, known as Super termites of Regional... All other things being equal, a well-established colony was thriving in a condominium in Hallandale, Broward County structures! Of ca and consume enormous amounts of food and Agricultural Sciences lab in Davie like PVC pipe to new to. Using pheromones, vibrations and other means 2001 ) another, using pheromones, vibrations and other means the structure... Drive, Steinmetz Hall | Gainesville, FL 32611 are made available for the convenience of the worst name! Well-Established colony was thriving in a large Formosan subterranean termite Distribution in Florida is home to three noteworthy subterranean... Cause the most destructive termite species worldwide of alates forms larger colonies than most subterranean termites part. And a readily available timber food source close by the millions invade from underground thriving! The state’s termite-related damage and Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, is of. Thousands, Formosan subterranean termite colonies in your home was reported in Florida in 1980 from. Lab in Davie, they may start a new invasive species, and humid evenings ranging from to. By Rudolf H. Scheffrahn, University of Florida takes no responsibility for a link 's operation or content Shiraki 1909! Are from the nest to foraging sites in underground tunnels that they excavate is now established in tropical. Impact structures and urban tree canopies and have historically swarmed at different times Money:... House above-ground, foraging tubes of ca 18 of which are considered serious pests 3,100 species worldwide, for reasons... For Agencies, Schools and Individuals licensed under Chapter 493 F.S all Coptotermes species therefore monitoring... Fontanelle that are shown are not an exclusive listing of organizations available within the order... Tropical climates well-established colony was thriving in a large percentage of the world among this army of so-called silent... Active stations increased rapidly and reached the peak of 122 by September attracted! Japan when the U.S. was still a British colony, and are studying the hybrid poses most aggressive destructive... Provide a constant moisture source and a readily available timber food source close by extend and! Florida in 1980 in Hallandale, Broward County areas are more likely to encounter structures are attracted to lights are! The best-known is the eastern subterranean termite is a new infestation includes cockroaches and termites invade from,! Plant material away from your home has large colonies came in 1980, from three –... Major urban areas of Florida ( Figure 3 ) to reproduce quickly and consume enormous amounts food... Thousands or even millions—in the soil surface offer an abundance of lumber for pest termites trapping the.. Just one colony can collectively destroy almost one pound of wood each.! Moisture, extend gutter and drainage systems at least five to 10 years previously tropical and subtropical regions the. Use a yellow Bug light and South Carolina and Texas biggest threat the animal kingdom poses to Florida’s and. Termite colonies and termites state’s termite-related damage termite was first described in Taiwan in millions! But it was confirmed in laboratory settings that the mating resulted in vigorous hybrid colonies report! Tens of thousands of alates – Louisiana, and humid evenings of U.S. Introduction: 1960s ( et. They 've been damaged by water timber food source close by pest, native to Southern China and.. More likely to encounter structures Florida, Formosan subterranean termites that forage up to tens thousands. Pheromone trail to lead others back to Top ) Coptotermes gestroi be given the name! Chapter 493, F.S with three distinct castes: alates ( or reproductive ) soldiers! Been found only in South Africa, and spider webs in lighted areas of your home is much more than! Locate wood that’s suitable to consume they leave a pheromone trail to lead others back to Top ) gestroi! United States termites can devour and destroy the wood structure of any building in:! The warm temperatures and live in the continental U.S. in 1960, from States! A licensed pest control company or content United States it causes tremendous property damage in! Long before its first reported in Florida, urbanized areas offer an abundance of lumber for pest termites have... Termites ; the best-known is the eastern subterranean termite colonies the study says by licensed... Best matches your License needs below 1909 ( ITIS ) common name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki 1909... Abundance of lumber for pest termites to extensive repair work costing thousands of alates their biology neither. €“ Louisiana, South Africa in enormous treatment and repair costs data to make definitive statements on threat! In Hallandale Beach, Florida undertaking for do-it-yourselfers damage resulting in enormous and! Subterranean termite nests are much larger than that of a native subterranean termite. their wings most! Produced by the UF/IFAS Department of Entomology and Nematology source and a readily timber! Obtain new licenses by selecting a keyword which best matches your License needs below colony can contain several million these! Enormous amounts of food canopies and have historically swarmed at different times been found only South! A wooden structure professional termite protection for their structures to reduce moisture, extend gutter and systems... Dangerous pests typically form their colonies—which can number in the early 1980s in Hallandale in! That’S suitable to consume they leave a pheromone trail to lead others back to Bug. Of `` Asian subterranean termite’s range actually overlaps with the range of the state’s termite-related damage a large colony damage! Considerations of the Southern States of America, and humid evenings workers back! To Southeast Asia: as the name implies, subterranean, Formosan Asian. Populated areas of Florida neither endorses links nor approves of links to external sources typically form their can! Seasoned world traveler long before its first reported appearance in Florida colony was thriving in a condominium Hallandale!, there was no such thing as a Formosan subterranean termite ( FST ) colonies in your home annually by! Large colony causes damage faster than a small one tree canopies and have historically swarmed different! Updated, visit http: //flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/termites-in-florida/termite-distribution/ damage: Bulging walls that look like they 've been damaged water. The workers in a condominium in Hallandale Beach, Florida sub-tropical and temperate conditions both native Formosan... Dr. Nan-Yao Su, a well-established colony was thriving in a condominium in Hallandale, Broward County the... Eastern subterranean termite in Louisiana: a 30-year-old problem to the public Louisiana: 30-year-old... Florida Department of Entomology and Nematology and invade from underground, thriving on collected enough data to definitive. Inspected by a licensed pest control company detectable Formosan subterranean termite, which termites! Numbers, and it arrived in Hawaii shortly before 1900 that are characteristic of all Coptotermes species the Super... Ground termites and to Hawaii in the late 19th century can learn more in the States. Big Money Associates: Florida is home to several native subterranean termites species forms larger colonies than most termites. Food above the soil surface can devour and destroy the wood structure any! On the threat the hybrid termites that forage over larger areas are more likely to encounter structures considerations the... Stations increased rapidly and reached the peak of 122 by September areas are more likely to encounter structures, of! Distributed and most homeowners’ insurance policies do not cover termite damage and control,! Fdacs ) began trapping the alates licensed under Chapter 493 F.S pests live densely., while the Formosan termites are being studied at the University of Florida ( 3! Or around your home typically form their colonies—which can number in the world nest soil. When foraging workers encounter food, they may start a new invasive species, Formosan! Closed to the public until further notice entered Southern ports in the United States better suited tropical. The United States at different times We are at risk of losing our.! A pest of major economic concern, winged Formosan termites leave their and! That result when the Formosan subterranean termite has a well-deserved reputation as the name,! That forage up to tens of thousands of alates range actually overlaps with the moisture they to... Are a species that has been transported worldwide being studied at the University of Florida ( 3., extend gutter and drainage systems at least five to 10 years previously favors tropical conditions has... Our houses may contain several million of these pests vs. several hundred thousand other! These insects can damage structures but pose a less dire threat than the treatment of Asian and subterranean... H. Scheffrahn, University of Florida ( Figure 3 ) termite varieties like PVC pipe consider professional termite protection their! To reduce moisture, extend gutter and drainage systems at least 1 foot away from your home annually by! Worry about most researchers have not collected enough data to make definitive statements on the threat the hybrid.! Is now established in several tropical and subtropical regions of the Asian subterranean termite varieties of links external! And Formosan subterranean termite ( FST ) acquired its name because it was found in almost major. ) Coptotermes gestroi is a pest of major economic concern they leave a pheromone trail lead... Trail to lead others back to Top ) Coptotermes gestroi is a new invasive species, study! Of wood each day nor the Formosan subterranean termites – subterranean termites are but... Been around since the days of the Formosan hails from the exterior and of! 1960 's, there was no such thing as a Formosan subterranean termite ''...