See J. Costello, K. Doyle, L. Errity, and A.L. Piratical career Nickname Gráinne Mhaol, Granuaile Allegiance Ó Máille Commands White Seahorse Battles/wars Nine Years War (Ireland) Grace O'Malley (c. 1530 – c. 1603) - in her native Irish language Gráinne Ní Mháille, also known as Gráinne O'Malley, [1] was the head of the Ó Máille dynasty in the west of Ireland, and the daughter of Eoghan Dubhdara Ó Máille. Bearers of the name Gráinne, daughter of Cormac mac Airt Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. 1530– c. 1603), Queen of Umaill, Chieftain of the Clan Ó Máille, and pirate. Eoghan Dubhdara Ó Máille, her father,[5] and his family were based in Clew Bay, County Mayo. In 1593, when her sons Tiobóid a Búrc (Tibbot Bourke) and Murchadh Ó Flaithbheartaigh (Murrough O'Flaherty), and her half-brother Dónal an Phíopa ("Dónal of the Pipes"), were taken captive by the English governor of Connacht, Sir Richard Bingham, Ní Mháille sailed to England to petition for their release. Because Rockfleet was over a week's march from Dublin, and as she was so often at sea, control by the Crown was very weak. [6] Although typically during this period sons would inherit, Ní Mháille "was considered to be the legal retainer of the family land and seafaring activities". Elizabeth accepted this and seemed untroubled. As the legend goes, Gráinne wanted to go on a trading voyage with her father to Spain. You can contribute this audio pronunciation of Grainne Ní Mháille to HowToPronounce dictionary. Grace O’Malley (c. 1530 – c. 1603; also Gráinne O’Malley, Irish: Gráinne Ní Mháille) was Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the Ó Máille clan and a pirate in 16th century Ireland. [3] She is also mentioned in the English State Papers and in other documents of the kind.[4]. Gráinne’s fragrance is the Irish coast and her ships. She formally presented her request to Queen Elizabeth I at her court in Greenwich Palace. ". Ní Mháille had every reason, and used every opportunity, to limit the power of the Kingdom of Ireland over her part of the country. 7. Gráinne Ní Mháille, Pirate Queen of Connaught Skip to entry content In English, that’s Grace O’Malley. In Irish folklore she is commonly known as Gráinne Mhaol (anglicised as Granuaile) and is a well-known historical figure in 16th-century Irish history. Um ihr Leben und ihre Taten als militärische Gegenspielerin der englisc… [15] The 1st Viscount Mayo was a child of this marriage. Clan O’Malley rose to power in the West of Ireland during the 1300s – ruling the southern shore of Clew Bay, Achill Island and most of the barony of Murrisk for over 300 years. In 1593, in his letter to protest Ní Mháille's claims against him, Sir Richard Bingham claimed that she was "nurse to all rebellions in the province for this forty years". Heather and moss, stormy sea water, driftwood and a fougère accord composed of oakmoss, lavender and tonka bean. In 1593, when her two sons Tibbot Burke and Murrough O'Flaherty, and her half-brother Dónal na Píopa were captured by the English governor of Connacht, Sir Richard Bingham, Ní Mháille sailed to England to petition Queen Elizabeth I for their release. Ní Mháille's life has inspired many musicians, novelists, and playwrights to create works based on her life and adventures and she has been used as a personification of Ireland:[31][32], Her name has been frequently used by our Bards, to designate Ireland. Ordnance Survey Letters, Mayo, vol. Previously, while England nominally ruled, Ireland wasn’t an official English territory but a lordship. Thank you for contributing Congrats! Her name was also rendered in contemporary English documents in various ways, including Gráinne O'Maly, Graney O'Mally, Granny ni Maille, Grany O'Mally, Grayn Ny Mayle, Grane ne Male, Grainy O'Maly, and Granee O'Maillie. Ba í Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. 1530 – c. 1603) taoiseach a gcineáil i gCúige Connacht. In most dialects of Irish, Gráinne is pronounced as ‘Grawn-yah’. Marriage to Dónal an Chogaidh (Dónal "the warlike") Ó Flaithbheartaigh brought her greater wealth and influence, reportedly owning as much as 1,000 head of cattle and horses. Westport House in County Mayo, Ireland, was the seat of the Browne dynasty, Marquesses of Sligo, direct descendants of Gráinne Ní Mháille. The thief dug a tunnel and escaped, however, and the hermit who took care of the church broke his vow of silence to scold her for attempting to harm someone who had sought sanctuary. Although she was the only child of Dubhdara and his wife, Ní Mháille had a paternal half-brother called Dónal na Píopa. Oops! Gráinne Ní Mháille [ˈgrɑːnʲə niː ˈvɑːlʲə], genannt Granuaile [ˈgraːnʲuəlʲə], auch Gráinne Mhaol [ˈgrɑːnʲə viːl] (maol [miːl] bedeutet im Irischen glatzköpfig oder gestutzt), englisch Grace OMalley (* 1530 auf Clare Island im Westen Irlands; 1603 vermutlich auf Burg Rockfleet) war eine irische Piratin und wichtige Person der irischen Geschichte in der frühen Neuzeit. The original house was built by Colonel John Browne, a Jacobite, who was at the Siege of Limerick (1650–51), and his wife Maude Bourke. Gráinne returned to her own lands and established her principal residence on Clare Island (now called Granuaile's Castle). Examples of Grainne Ní Mháille in a sentence, {{app.userTrophy[app.userTrophyNo].hints}}. So-called Pirate queen of Ireland protected their people and lands against the pseudonyms (GráinneNíMháille, Granuaile, GráinneMhao, and many other), Born as a daughter of the chieftain of the Máille clan, she soon became fond of … Maude Bourke was Ní Mháille's great-great granddaughter. By 1566, Ní Mháille had married a second time, this time to Risdeárd an Iarainn ("Iron Richard") Bourke, his nickname deriving from his ironworks at Burrishoole, the place of his principal castle and residence. Ní Mháille refused to bow before Elizabeth because she didn't recognise her as the "Queen of Ireland". Seeking vengeance, Gráinne attacked the MacMahon castle of Doona in Blacksod Bay and killed her lover's murderers on Cahir Island. Tá Gráinne Mhaol ag go duill ar sáile, óglaigh armtha léi mar gharda, Gaeil iad féin is ní Gaill ná Spáinnigh, is cuirfidh siad ruaig ar Ghallaibh. [8] The nickname may also come from "Gráinne Umhaill" ("Gráinne of Umhall", Umhall being a historical district of west Connacht dominated by the Uí Mháille). The more commonly-used English version is Grace O'Malley. [10], Ní Mháille was married in 1546 to Dónal an Chogaidh Ó Flaithbheartaigh, tánaiste or heir to the Ó Flaithbheartaigh (O'Flaherty) title, which would have been a good political match for the daughter of the Ó Máille chieftain. How to say Grainne Ní Mháille in English? Grace’s name in Irish is Gráinne Ní Mháille which has led to many different spellings and pronunciations of her name in English, from Granny ni Maille to Grainy O'Maly. Elizabeth I famously sent Ní Mháille a list of questions, which were answered and returned to Elizabeth. Congrats! Grace O’Malley (Irish: Gráinne Ní Mháille) was Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the Ó Máille clan, rebel, seafarer, and a fearless leader of Ireland. Their discussion was carried out in Latin, as Ní Mháille spoke no English and Queen Elizabeth I spoke no Irish. Grace O'Malley (c. 1530 – c. 1603) - in her native Irish language Gráinne Ní Mháille, also known as Gráinne O'Malley,[1] was the head of the Ó Máille dynasty in the west of Ireland, and the daughter of Eoghan Dubhdara Ó Máille. You've got the pronunciation of Grainne Ní II, cited in Chambers 2003, spelling modernised. The Bourkes (De Burca) were originally Anglo-Norman but by Ní Mháille's lifetime completely Gaelicised. 'Westport House A Brief History' Westport House 2008. Register Upon her father's death she took over active leadership of the lordship by land and sea, despite having a brother, Dónal an Phíopa Ó Mháille. Try choosing a different name, Sorry! In a letter of 1838 he describes her as being "most vividly remembered by tradition and people were living in the last generation who conversed with people who knew her personally". They controlled most of what is now the barony of Murrisk[5] in south-west County Mayo and recognised as their nominal overlords the Mac William Íochtar branch of the Bourkes, who controlled much of what is now County Mayo. The correct way to pronounce the name Xanthippe in German is. She most likely died at Rockfleet Castle around 1603, the same year as Elizabeth's death, though the year and place of Ní Mháille's death are disputed. (Think of an extended yawn when using this pronunciation!) Grace O’Malley (Gráinne Ní Mháille) demanded the release of her son, who had been imprisoned by Richard Bingham, Governor of Connacht. [9], As a child she most likely lived at her family's residence of Belclare and Clare Island,[2] but she may have been fostered to another family, for fosterage was traditional among Irish nobility at the time. [2], Ní Mháille is not mentioned in the Irish annals, so documentary evidence for her life comes mostly from English sources, especially the eighteen "Articles of Interrogatory", questions put to her in writing on behalf of Elizabeth I. Crowdsourced audio pronunciation dictionary for 89 languages, with meanings, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more. This dialect is predominantly spoken in (you guessed it) Ulster. In 1576, Ní Mháille engaged in the surrender and regrant process with the Lord Deputy Sir Henry Sidney in respect of her lands. Grace was born in 1530 into the Ó Máille dynasty in the west of Ireland; the daughter of Eoghan Dubhdara Ó Máille. Gráinne Ní Mháille was born into the great seafaring family Clan O’Malley around 1530, while the notorious Henry VIII was King of England and held the title Lord of Ireland. (en irlandés, Gráinne Ní Mháille) fue reina de Umaill, líder del clan Ó Máille y mujer pirata en la Irlanda del siglo XVI. She was probably formally educated, since she is believed to have spoken in Latin with Queen Elizabeth I in 1593. However, they were put to flight and barely escaped. or pronounce in different accent or variation ? [16] Her attack against the MacMahons was not the first time she interrupted someone at their prayers. Her attack on Doona Castle earned her the nickname 'Dark Lady of Doona'.[14]. You've got the pronunciation of Grainne Ní Mháille right. Her mother, Margaret or Maeve, was also a Ní Mháille. Gráinne is pronounced as 'Grawn-ya' in all dialects bar Ulster Irish where it is pronounced as 'Grah-nya'. This earned her the nickname "Gráinne Mhaol" (Irish pronunciation: [ˈɡˠɾˠɑːnʲə wɨːlË ]; from maol meaning bald or having cropped hair), usually anglicised as Granuaile (/ˌɡrɔːnjəˈweɪl/). [28], A story is recorded of Ní Mháille chiding her son Tíoboíd in the course of an attack on Kinturk Castle, when she thought he was shirking the battle: "An ag iarraidh dul i bhfolach ar mo thóin atá tú, an áit a dtáinig tú as?" The Ó Máille family "book", a collection of eulogistic bardic poetry and other material of the sort kept by aristocratic Gaelic households of the period, has not survived. [10] After much talk, the women came to an agreement that included that Elizabeth would remove Bingham from his position in Ireland, and Ní Mháille would stop supporting the Irish lords' rebellions.[22]. [17], More than twenty years after her death, an English Lord Deputy of Ireland recalled her ability as a leader of fighting men, noting the fame she still had among the Irish people.[18][19]. Ní Mháille informed everyone that in Ireland, a used handkerchief was considered dirty and was properly destroyed. The head of the family was known simply by his surname as Ó Máille (anglicised as The O'Malley). As the Nine Years' War escalated, Ní Mháille sought to retrench her position with the crown. Rate the pronunciation difficulty of Grainne Ní Mháille, {{collections.count?collections.count:0}}, Name already exists! Congrats! Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording. According to legend Grannie, as a young girl, wanted to join her father on the sea and travel with him to Spain. [30] Westport House also contains a comprehensive exhibition on the life of Ní Mháille compiled by author Anne Chambers, a leading authority on Granuaile. Her actual name was Gráinne Ní Mháille (pronounced graw-nya nee waul-ye). One of the most important historical figures of Ireland is Grace O'Malley. She allegedly took a shipwrecked sailor as her lover. Please Log in or There are no contemporary images of her. Chris Mooney July 30, 2018 at 9:39 pm Alas, ‘Coca-Cola-nisation’ is killing native Irish culture, as it is doing in many smaller countries. A statue of Gráinne Ní Mháille by the artist Michael Cooper – the brother-in-law of the 11th Marquess of Sligo – is on display in Westport House, and a bronze casting of the statue is situated on the grounds near the house. Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. 1530 – c. 1603), Gráinne O'Malley [1] or Grace O'Malley, [2] was Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the Ó Máille clan and a pirate in 16th century Ireland.She is commonly known by her nickname Granuaile in Irish folklore, and a historical figure in 16th century Irish history, and is sometimes known as "The Sea Queen Of Connaught". Local folklore had it that Ní Mháille, as a young girl, wished to go on a trading expedition to Spain with her father. [20][21] Bingham was Lord President of Connacht, tasked with controlling local lords who had, until then, been mostly autonomous. You have earned {{app.voicePoint}} points. [23] She added that 'her sons, cousins, and followers will serve with a hundred men at their own charges at sea upon the coast of Ireland in Her Majesty's wars upon all occasions...to continue dutiful unto Her Majesty, as true and faithful subjects'. Subscribe to learn and pronounce a new word each day! She was determined to wait out the thief, maintaining that he could starve or surrender. Ní Mháille then met with the Queen at Greenwich Palace, wearing a fine gown; the two of them were surrounded by guards and the members of Elizabeth's royal court.[22]. Her family's usual burial place was in Clare Island Abbey. Es a veces conocida como «La reina del mar de Connaught» y comúnmente, en el folclore irlandés, por su apodo de Granuaile, siendo una figura histórica de la Irlanda del siglo XVI. You have reached the maximum limit. However, this was to change over the course of Ní Mháille's life as the Tudor conquest of Ireland gathered pace. Grace O’Malley, or Gráinne Ní Mháille in Irish, was born in a time of conflict in Ireland. オーウェン・ドゥダラ・オ・マーリャの娘。. In Ireland, she's also commonly referred to as Granuaile. Under the policies of the English government at the time, the semi-autonomous Irish princes and lords were left mostly to their own devices. The story of Gráinne Ni Mháille or Granuaile (Anglicized as Grace O'Malley, Grany Malley) reads like the most brazen and unlikely sort of adventure fiction, but there's history as well as myth in the legend of the Irish noblewoman who led a band of 200 sea-raiders from the coast of Galway in the sixteenth century. Elizabeth's courtiers were said to be very upset and worried, but Ní Mháille informed the Queen that she carried it for her own safety. The Uí Mháille were one of the seafaring families of Connacht, and they built a row of castles facing the sea to protect their territory. Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. 1530 – c. 1603), also known as Granuaile or Gráinne Mhaol, sometimes known in English as Grace O'Malley (sometimes "O'Mealey", another Anglicism; note that "Grace" has no etymological connection to "Gráinne"), is an important figure in Irish folklore, and a historical figure in 16th century Irish history. In Ulster Irish, the name is pronounced ‘Grah-nya’. All Rights Reserved, {{app['fromLang']['value']}} -> {{app['toLang']['value']}}, Pronunciation of Grainne Ní Mháille with 1 audio pronunciations, Audio Pronunciation removed from collection. 1 thought on “ The Origin, History, and Meaning of the Irish Folk Song “Bríd Óg Ní Mháille” (“Young Bridget O’Malley”). You can try again. [24] Throughout the war she encouraged and supported her son Tibbot Burke to fight for the Crown against Tyrone's confederation of Irish lords. Local traditions concerning her were collected by Irish scholar John O'Donovan in the 1830s and 1840s on behalf of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. The song where Grace O'Malley is celebrated, Paris Declaration Respecting Maritime Law, Jim Hawkins and the Curse of Treasure Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grace_O%27Malley&oldid=991814098, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Irish English, Pages which use embedded infobox templates with the title parameter, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Land-owner, sea-captain, political activist. [25], Documentary evidence for Ní Mháille's life comes mostly from English sources, as she is not mentioned in the Irish annals. Grace O'Malley född 1530, död 1603, var en irländsk monark och sjörövare.Hon var drottning av Umaill (i nuvarande grevskapet Mayo) och klanhövding av Ó Máille, är känd för sin aktivitet som pirat och ibland kallad "Sjödrottningen av Connaught". The affair only lasted briefly as he was killed by the MacMahons of Ballyvoy. An important source of information is the eighteen "Articles of Interrogatory", questions put to her in writing on behalf of Elizabeth I. [26] She is also mentioned in the English State Papers and in other documents of the kind, an example being a letter sent by the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, to his son Phillip in 1577: "There came to mee a most famous femynyne sea captain called Grace Imallye, and offred her service unto me, wheresoever I woulde command her, with three gallyes and two hundred fightinge men ..."[27]. Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. Born around 1530, the famous pirate Queen’s real name was Gráinne Ní Mháille (pronounced graw-nya nee waul-ye). Legend has it that when Grace was young, she wanted to travel on an expedition with her father. In her 2006 biography of Ní Mháille, Irish historian and novelist Anne Chambers described her as: a fearless leader, by land and by sea, a political pragmatist and politician, a ruthless plunderer, a mercenary, a rebel, a shrewd and able negotiator, the protective matriarch of her family and tribe, a genuine inheritor of the Mother Goddess and Warrior Queen attributes of her remote ancestors. As Ó Flaithbheartaigh tánaiste, Dónal an Chogaidh had expectations of one day ruling Iar Connacht, the area roughly equivalent to modern Connemara.[11]. The King of England was the Lord of Ireland Share Share on Facebook Tweet Tweet on Twitter Pin it Pin on Pinterest Some also reported that Ní Mháille had sneezed and was given a lace-edged handkerchief from a noblewoman. The more commonly-used English version is Grace O'Malley. グラーニャ・オマリー (Gráinne O'Malley) とも。. Nuair a cailleadh a hathair chuaigh sí i gceannas an tiarnais ar muir agus ar tír, cé go raibh deartháir, Dónall an Phíopa, aici. or post as a guest. Elizabeth agreed, and Bingham was recalled to England. Ní Mháille was born in Ireland around 1530, when Henry VIII was King of England and held the title Lord of Ireland. Eoghain Ó Flaithbertaigh, Murchad Ó Flaithbertaigh, Margaret/Maeve Ní Fhlaithbertaigh, American actress Molly Lyons wrote and starred in a one-woman show titled, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 23:26. You will most likely hear this pronunciation in Leinster, Connaught, and Munster. Keep up. She is commonly known by her Irish nickname Granuaile or Gráinne ni Mhaille, a name reputed to come from the Irish for bald (Mhaol). Her reply is not recorded. Unfortunately, this browser does not support voice recording. Mentxaka, 'Grainne: A Play'. 997. Word of the day - in your inbox every day, © 2020 HowToPronounce. He was lord of the Ó Máille dynasty and ruler of Umall, descended from Maille mac Conall. [1] Bhí sí ina tánaiste ag a hathair, Eoghan Dubhdara Ó Máille. [29] She is also recorded as saying, with regard to her followers, "go mb'fhearr léi lán loinge de chlann Chonraoi agus de chlann Mhic an Fhailí ná lán loinge d'ór" (that she would rather have a shipload of Conroys and MacAnallys than a shipload of gold).[29]. Upon being told she could not because her long hair would catch in the ship's ropes, she cut off most of her hair to embarrass her father into taking her. In the late 16th century, English power steadily grew in Ireland and Ní Mháille's power was steadily encroached upon. Seems like your pronunciation of Grainne Ní Mháille is not correct. Like many Irish names, pronunciationof Gráinne can depend on the dialect of Irish spoken in the area in which the person is from. She was told she could not go because her beautiful long hair would catch in the ropes. Risdeárd an Iarainn ("Iron Richard") Bourke, "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press", "Grace O'Malley, the Fearless 16th-Century Irish Pirate Queen Who Stood Up to the English", "Gráinne Mhaol, Queen Of Pirates, by Miracle Of Sound", "Current Events: The Marki Shalloe Theatre Festival, October 21 – November 5, 2006", Granuaile the latest vessel in the National Seabed Survey, Judy Staley's article about Grace O'Malley on Rootsweb. Granuaile: Grace O'Malley: Grace O'Malley - Ireland's Pirate Queen, by Anne Chambers; Foreword; Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 2006; Gaisford St Lawrence Papers, cited in Chambers 2003, p. 73. ("Are you trying to hide in my arse, the place that you came out of?"). Since you have exceeded your time limit, your recording has been stopped. Still not satisfied with her revenge, Ní Mháille then sailed for Ballycroy and attacked the garrison at Doona Castle, overpowering the defenders and taking the castle for herself. Dublin: Gur Cake Editions, 2015. She bore three children during her marriage to Dónal an Chogaidh: In 1565, Dónal was killed in an ambush while hunting in the hills surrounding Lough Corrib; this was, undoubtedly, part of Dónal's wider struggle with the Joyces for control of Hen's Castle on the lough. [7], With shore castles like Carrickkildavnet, the Uí Mháille taxed all those who fished off their coasts, which included fishermen from as far away as England. On 18 April 1595 she petitioned Lord Burghley, complaining of the activities of troops and asking to hold her estate for Elizabeth I. While some of her Irish countrymen called her “Grace of the Gamblers,” due to her notorious love of gambling, Grace O’Malley is the English version that many of us know her by today. Pronunciation of Grainne Ní Mháille with 1 audio pronunciation and more for Grainne Ní Mháille. An expedition from Galway led by Sheriff William Óge Martyn attacked her castle at Clare Island in March 1579. Hence our Countrymen have been often called “Sons of old Grana Weal.”, Pirate, Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the Ó Máille clan, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFChambers2003 (, Lambeth Palace Library, ms. no 601, p. 10, cited in Chambers 2003, p. 85, Calendar of State Papers Relating to Ireland (James I) 1623, no. Legend tells of another lord who stole property from her and fled to a church for sanctuary. The current house was built close to the site of Cahernamart (Cathair na Mart - "fort of the beef market"), an Ó Máille fort. (London 1860–1912), Calendar of State Papers Ireland, 1592-6, p. 321, Petition of Grany Ny Maelly, of Connacht, to Burghley, 17 April 1595, Nat Archives Kew, PRO SP 63/179/f. Is pronounced as 'Grah-nya '. 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A lordship a guest to learn and pronounce a new word each day © 2020.! Determined to wait out the thief, maintaining that he could starve or surrender paternal called! Not a sailor shipwrecked sailor as her lover arse, the place that you came out of ``! English, that’s Grace O’Malley Latin, as Ní Mháille and in other documents of most... To Spain her principal residence on Clare Island Abbey hide in my arse the!