When the statement contains a word with a negative meaning, the question tag needs to be positive. If there is no helping verb, we use do in the question tag. He didn't recognize me, ? English question tags exist in both positive and negative forms. Exercise on Question Tags. Charles will help us, ? So that’s just a quick introduction to question tags. Theoretically this may make sense, but in practice this is NOT how negative questions work. You are John, ? Question tags are used at the end of statements to turn the statements into questions. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, Positive Tag Question:                                                                       ______________, Negative Tag Question:                                                                      ______________. In the activity, students play a game of snap by matching affirmative and negative sentences to question tags and vice-versa. Some verbs / expressions have different question tags. 2. When the verb in the main sentence is in the present simple we form the question tag with do / does. — “Do not disturb mrs. Smith, could you? Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. ).So we use positive question tags. Question:  Do you live in Oakland? Negative questions are formed with: تُصاغ الأسئلة المنفية من: Auxiliary Verb + n’t (= short form of not) + Subject + Main Verb. (No) I'm not, actually. When there is no special emphasis, the rule of thumb often applies that a positive sentence has a negative tag and vice versa. In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. If have is a main verb in the sentence and refers to states, there are two possible sentences – We h… When the statement is negative, the question tag is positive. Negative sentence: He is n't from Germany, is he? POSITIVE TAGS NEGATIVE TAGS There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. 3. ).So we use positive question tags. ; Examples: For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. Question tags are used in conversation to get a (positive) reaction from the person you are talking to. Students work in groups of three. She went to the library yesterday, ? Hasn’t the postman come yet? Add the question tags. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. Tag questions are made using an auxiliary verb (for example: be or have) and a subject pronoun (for example: I, you, she). They are normally used when speaking. If you use Yes, do not use contracted forms. A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation or agreement. The basic structure of a tag question is: A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. The statement 'You aren't going to Paris' uses the negative auxiliary 'aren't'. Using the negative question says MY opinion.… Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school. This form may express confidence, or seek confirmation of the asker's opinion or belief. It may also be used to evoke a reply from the person you are speaking to. Nobody has called for me, have they? A question tag is a small question at the end of a statement. How is she doing? Is this a good school? Cars pollute the environment, ? Neg Tag:          You don’t live in Oakland, do you? Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. ___I think yes________, Negative Tag Question:    You don’t smoke, do you? If there is a helping verb, we use this same verb in the question tag. If the verb is in the past simple we use did. Look at these examples with negative statements. (= I believe that you saw Ann yesterday.) This short tag takes the form of a question. Negative questions are used when the person who asks expects a positive answer, no matter what else might be implied. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. 2. Remember that the question tag uses the auxiliary verb in the opposite form of the sentence itself. If the statement is negative, we use a positive question tag. 1. won't is the contracted form of will not 2. the tag repeats the auxiliary verb, not the main verb. Question tags are formed by adding an auxiliary verb and repeating the subject of the main clause as a pronoun. You want to make a good impression and make them feel welcome. Then test your grammar skills in the interactive exercises. Formation If the sentence is negative, the question tag … Question tags, Positive and negative sentences in English - Exercise Imperative clauses are used when people tell someone else to do something (an advice, a suggestion, a request, a command etc.).. Negative imperative - Don't stop singing, will you? Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. But in a few cases, we also use POSITIVE STATEMENT + POSITIVE QUESTION TAG ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, 4. The subject of a question tag is always a pronoun. Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. auxiliary verb + subject 1. Negative questions can be very confusing in English. You can agree or refuse to a sentence with a question tag. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, Positive Tag Question:                                                                       ______________, Negative Tag Question:                                                                      ______________, 3. ______________, 5. ; If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. Question tags are formed with an auxiliary or modal verb. Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. There is / are - There aren't any spiders in the bedroom, are there? If your statement is a true question, your intonation rises. Question tags are used when asking for agreement or confirmation. The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. We use the same auxiliary verb in the tag as in the main sentence. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. ;o) Form. Negative & Tag Questions Be careful about using negative or tag questions. Do you have children? Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ? Form Use the same auxiliary verb as in the main sentence. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Imagine an important guest is visiting your office. {see Question Tags, A2 level}. Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. Is this good music? I am a great teacher, aren't I/ am I not? A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). They aren't funny, are they? Negative & Tag Questions. For example: Positive imperative - Stop daydreaming, will / won't you? You don’t smoke, do you? You’re not Spanish, are you? You should see me today, shouldn't you/ should you not? You live in Oakland, ma? ), Neg:                 Don’t you live in Oakland? It’s important to know which auxiliary verb to use and whether the tag should be positive or negative. You’re Spanish, aren’t you? Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Possible answers are Yes or No. We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. Using the negative question says MY opinion. ( Log Out /  Mary has a little lamb, ? A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. Example: That ’ s not really difficult, is it? Forming question tags is very easy. You live in Oakland, no? Jack is from Spain, isn't he? If the statement is negative, it is not usual to answer with yes. You already have an opinion. If you use No, contracted form are possible. Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. If have is used to indicate possession/belonging, we can use have or the helping verb do in British English (in American English we can only use do in this case). positive main clause → negative question tag; negative main clause → positive question tag ___I think no. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Mary can speak English, can't she? We use negative questions: نستخدم الأسئلة المنفية. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. Question tags are the short questions that we put on the end of sentences – particularly in spoken English. She is French, isn't she? (will not = won’t). A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. Question tags are short questions at the end of statements. If you found this English Grammar about Question Tags useful, let others know about it: A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. If we are sure or almost sure that the listener will confirm that our statement is correct, we say the question tag with a falling intonation. In this lesson we’re going to look different ways we use them and you’ll also learn the best ways to answer them. As I explained the general rule is that a negative question is followed by a positive tag, and vice versa. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. English grammar reference notes for question tags. You live in Spain, don’t you? Questions tags are used to keep a conversation going. You already have an opinion. They are normally used when speaking. Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. It is not just a real question. When we reply to a statement we can put an affirmative or negative tag at the end of our comment. In fact, the answer to a negative question will often be very similar to the answer to a positive question. To make the question tag, you use the same auxiliary or modal verb in the statement and change it to a positive. They are mainly used in speech when we want to: Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. Using the negative question says MY opinion. Complete the sentences with the correct question tags. Question Tags - Negative Type the correct word in the boxes below. He shouldn't say things like that, should he? I hear that the negative question-tag can be made out of the following construction: helping verb + subject + not? It’s a wonderful piece of music. Negative StatementPositive TagYou aren't 12 years oldAre you? A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. You don't smoke, do you? (I think you DON’T, it’s bad to do this.). I live just across the road.' We normally use question tags to check something you think you know or you think is true. Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … 4.2. Except, of course, for the verb be in Present Simple and Past Simple. An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. I think it’s bad._____, 2. Question tags are short questions used at the end of the statements to confirm if the statement is true or not. ( Log Out /  If we are a bit less sure, we say the question tag with a rising intonation. If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). Change ), Oxford Picture Dictionary Count Noncount Food, Present (simple-progressive) and Singular-Plural, Weblinks: Formal (academic) vs Informal language, Weblinks: Present Progressive/Present Continuous, Weblinks: Regrets (should have/I wish/if only), Weblinks: Simple Present vs Present Progressive, Weblinks: Statement-Negative-Question in basic tenses, Weblinks: Used to do/Be used to doing/Get used to doing. Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. I'm Michael. ( Log Out /  Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. Notice that the negative verb in the original statement is changed to positive in the tag. An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. I have a meeting every day, don't I/ do I not? → Yes, it is, isn’t it. Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school ( Log Out /  Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … ___ I think yes________, Positive Tag Question:  You smoke, don’t you? (I don’t know. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative. الفعل المساعد+ الاختصار n't وهو اختصار لكلمة not + الفاعل + الفعل الرئيسي. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. Do we have too much homework? The tag includes a pronoun and its matching form of the verb be, or auxiliary verb. There are many different topics and levels. (will not = won’t). Two students play snap. The car isn't in the garage, ? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 2.1. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. No idea______, Negative Question:  Don’t you smoke? Examples: He’s read this book, hasn’t he? He isn't here, is he? The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. • to express surprise. Positive statements are followed by a negative tag while negative statements are followed by a positive tag. Intonation is very important when using question tags so your listener knows if you are asking a real question or simply checking/confirming information. 1. {See Question Tags, A2 level}. You're David, aren't you? The Question:                                                                                              What do I think? It can, for example, be used to ask for confirmation of something you believe to be true. Didn’t you see Ann yesterday? Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. Let’s get very polite and start with the formal use. You want to go on holiday, ? A tag question is a short question added to a statement. The trains are never on time, are they? If there is no auxiliary verb, use do for present and did for past. A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. Do you smoke? Negative questions generally ask for the same information as the positive form. Negative question tags are usually contracted: It's warm today, isn't it (not 'is it not') Usually if the main clause is positive, the question tag is negative, and if the main clause is negative, it's positive. Be careful about using negative or tag questions. You don’t smoke, do you? For example: It's cold (positive), isn't it (negative)? ” = The negative imperative clause is followed by the positive question tag could you? {See Question Tags, A2 level}. 'I do actually. We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. 'You don't live here, do you?' There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. You already have an opinion. Affirmative sentence: He is from Germany, is n't he? Positive StatementNegative TagYou… This is really a question. It is not just a real question. The verb in the main statement, “wasn’t” is in the negative form and the verb in the question tag, “was” is in the positive form. Here is a free question tags game for pre-intermediate students. 3.1. There is no question of frequency of use; when the speaker wants to express an amount of certainty for the answer, a negative question will be used. To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. 1.1. To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. Learn the rules for question tags in English grammar with Lingolia. Be careful about using negative or tag questions. Here’s why: The Grammar of Answering a Negative Question. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. (I think you do, I already have an opinon). You aren't going to Paris, are you? The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. Let’s review the three forms of questions that we covered in today’s lesson. Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. We can also use question tags to imply an offer. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The third student notes down the tag questions … — “Clean you room, won’t you?” = The positive imperative clause is followed by the negative question tag won’t you? (I think you do, I think it’s better, I think you should), Pos Tag:          You live in Oakland, don’t you? If there is no auxiliary verb in the main sentence, we use do in the tag. In other words, if the sentence is positive, the question tag takes the negative form of the auxiliary verb. This / that is - This is Paul's pen, isn't it? Have got (possession) - He has got a car, hasn't he? A negative question can have two different kinds of meanings. This short tag takes the form of a question. When we are sure of the answer and we are simply encouraging a response, the intonation in the question tag goes down: When we are not sure and want to check information, the intonation in the question tag goes up: If you would like to play an interactive game to practice Question Tags, visit here: Question Tags. Verb as in the question tag not use contracted forms notice that the auxiliary. Questions tags are used at the end of statements tag needs to be true or checking/confirming. Or click an icon to Log in: you don ’ t live. 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