And they can be seen as a vision for how we want to share the Earth's resources among what will soon be 9 to 10 billion people all with a right to development. The strongly normative nature of the sustainable development concept makes it difficult to pin down analytically. Keywords Sustainable development Conceptual review Historical origins Triple bottom line History of sustainability Introduction The last 20 years have witnessed a surge in publications on ‘sustainability’, to the extent where ‘sustainability science’ is often seen as a distinct field (Kates et al. History of SD. On one hand, we have the ecologists' view that associates sustainability with the preservation of the status and function of ecological systems. Despite these complications, the three principles outlined above do define sustainable development in an operational manner in the detail and with the level of control presumed in the logic of modernity’ (Norgaard, 1994, p. 22). There are, in my opinion, two major views on the subject. 2001; The concept of sustainable development formed the basis of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The summit marked the first international attempt to draw up action plans and strategies for moving towards a more sustainable pattern of development. sustainable development (SD) • 1983-1987: Bruntland Commission (our Common Future) • 1992: UN Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro) –Agenda 21 • 1992: UNFramework Convention on Climate Change • 2000-2015: Millennium Development Goals • 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, S.Africa) 25. II. A Short History of Sustainable Development. Abstract Sustainable development (SD) has become a popular catchphrase in contemporary development discourse. Children and youth in sustainable development 25.1 - 25.17 26. of challenges to achieving sustainable development in practice. 1997 Kyoto Protocol wa s adopted that commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets. This act came largely in response to the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill, which had a devastating impact on wildlife and the natural environment in the area. Embracing Complexity Sustainable development is a science of complex systems. Local authorities' initiatives in support of Agenda 21 28.1 - 28.7 29. On the other Strengthening the role of non-governmental organizations: partners for sustainable development 27.1 - 27.13 28. 2 Sustainable Development Goals 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in … However, in spite of its pervasiveness and the massive popularity it has garnered over the years, the concept still seems unclear as many people continue to ask questions about its meaning and history, as well as what it entails and implies for development theory and practice. Sustainable development is a prog ramme that cha nges the economic development process to ensu re the basic quality of l ife, protecting valuable e cosystems and other communit ies at the same time. Yet the stakes are high. 2000 At the Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of world leaders in history adopted the UN Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new glob al partnership to reduce sustainable development, how to measure it, or even less on how it should be promoted. UNITED NATIONS TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD: THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT sustainabledevelopment.un.org A/RES/70/1 A system is a group of interacting The sustainable development goals or SDGs are a part of the 2030 agenda. This makes the SDGs relevant … Sustainable Development Timeline | 2016 5 and development linkages. Achieving sustainable development on our crowded, unequal, and degraded planet is the most important challenge facing our generation. Recognizing and strengthening the role of indigenous people and their communities 26.1 - 26.9 27. 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