The membership and leadership of the Courts both contain a spectrum of Islamic thought, from liberal to Wahhabist. As evidence they cite the better functioning of the telecommunications system than some nearby countries (Somalia has 15 telephones per 1000 people, rather than 10 as in neighboring countries). Oct 3: Final edits to the Aweys document English translation. It advocates supporting ethnic Somali rebels in Ethiopia, to weaken the capability of the Ethiopian military in Somalia: again, a natural strategy. According to Reuters, a confidential UN report estimated 6,000-8,000 Ethiopian troops were in Somalia in early November. But still, if the TFG captured the document not long after its creation, and was prepared to share it internationally, one would have expected they would do it earlier. Originally dealing with local issues such as petty crime and business disputes, they expanded to fill a vacuum in education, health care and policing. We also advise you to read our tips for sources before submitting. This key's fingerprint is A04C 5E09 ED02 B328 03EB 6116 93ED 732E 9231 8DBA, If you need help using Tor you can contact WikiLeaks for assistance in setting it up using our simple webchat available at:, If you can use Tor, but need to contact WikiLeaks for other reasons use our secured webchat available at http://wlchatc3pjwpli5r.onion. He's strong on building community, but his public rhetoric has also been confrontational and expansionist, calling for war against Ethiopian forces in Somalia and for a 'greater Somalia' incorporating ethnic Somali regions of Ethiopia and Kenya.[1]. As it was sent to the Chinese, the document came in 4 files: three jpeg image files, one scan of each page of the original paper document in Somali, and a word file with what appears to be an accurate English translation. The cost of Barre's clan support was an extensive network of allegiances maintained through largesse. (See our Tor tab for more information.) UN troops were withdrawn in short order, leaving Somali society further exposed. [8], The ICU denied allegations that they enforced a ban on the viewing of football (soccer) matches. The bombings were condemned by the UIC. If the computer you are uploading from could subsequently be audited in an investigation, consider using a computer that is not easily tied to you. From 1969 until 1991 the country was ruled by Muhammad Siad Barre, a Soviet- and then US-backed dictator. (Please correct the name for me if Harare is just nickname and not the official third name). As rumor has it, the warlords were paid by the CIA to capture AlQaida operatives in Mogadishu who were behind the bo mbing of the US embassies in Nairobi and Daraselam in 1998. Puntland has an uneasy truce with the UIC, having agreed to the establishment of Sharia law, though on its own terms, using different methods from the UIC. This includes other media organisations. Without direct contacts to the inner circle of the UIC, we have no way of directly verifying the document. If you cannot use Tor, or your submission is very large, or you have specific requirements, WikiLeaks provides several alternative methods. But if it is authentic, then it is the first policy document of the Islamic courts, beyond public announcements, to make it into the hands of the international media. Life goes on. No activities in Kenya or Tanzania are mentioned, such as those of which the US accuses the UIC. Outside Somaliland and Puntland, the rest of the country, in particular the capital Mogadishu, remained without any effective government. If you have a very large submission, or a submission with a complex format, or are a high-risk source, please contact us. In an interview featured in the BBC Online Somali section in June 2006, Sharif Sheikh Ahmed said: "the Union of Islamic Courts was established to ensure that Somali people suffering for 15 years would gain peace and full justice and freedom from the anarchic rule of warlords who refuted their people to no direction. Technorati tags: Yasmin Ashareh, murder, Toronto, Awad Ahmed Ashareh, Islamic Courts Union, ICU, Somalia I've confirmed with a Toronto Star reporter that Awad Ashareh is indeed Yasmin Ashareh's father. Perhaps, since it is not terribly damaging, it received low priority; it is plausible it was circulated elsewhere but not seen fit to use publicly, since it is not quite consistent with the usual inflated denunciations. Of course, as the result of an internationally-brokered agreement between major factions, it certainly has the potential to become a legitimate national government. It advocates minimizing animosity with religious leaders. The UIC, through support from local imams, has gained significant popular legitimacy. But this is the extent of advocacy of terroristic activity. Like the dictator Muhammad Siad Barre before him, Aweys calls for a greater Somalia. Perhaps this, again, is simply an expression of the reality of civil wars - every warlord is in some sense a criminal - but it perhaps indicates a lesser moral caliber than the UIC proclaims for itself; and it would no doubt disappoint or outrage some local followers. But whatever the case, Somalis, together with the international community, should seek to understand Aweys and the UIC, in order to clarify what they are dealing with, and establish a lasting peace and good governance in Somalia. As respected leaders of Somali civil society discussed their future, that future was brought to an end. The ICU attacks in Puntland and claims to have advanced to 7 miles … The Somali government, under external pressure, has promised an amnesty to Islamic Courts rank and file fighters, but says that those leaders who are still alive, will face prosecution. A radical Islamic group with alleged ties to Al-Qaida routed quite easily the much-loathed warlords that held the Somali capital hostage for the past 16 years. Major fighting was reported in March, and by June they had taken the capital Mogadishu. Today, the UIC's ultimatum against Ethiopian troops in Baidoa has expired and fierce fighting rages. But we should remember that the UIC, whatever its federalist blessings, is a theocratic movement. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; managing transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the network. 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