The Formosan subterranean termite acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 1900s, but Coptotermes formosanus is probably endemic to Taiwan and southern China. A colony may reach substantial numbers to cause severe damage and produce alates within three to five years.[10]. COLOR: Formosan swarmers are yellowish-brown. Subterranean termite’s scientific name is Rhinotermitidae, genus Reticulitermes, Coptotermes and Heterotermes. Formosan Termites These termites have originated from China and are commonly found in southern U.S. regions such as Georgia, Hawaii, Texas, Mississippi, California, and Tennessee. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Formosan Termite Facts. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. They also proposed that Coptotermes gestroi be given the common name of "Asian subterranean termite." SIZE: The typical Formosan alate (i.e., winged termite, or swarmer) measures around one-half of an inch in length, wings included. Australian Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre. [16] C. formosanus is the most destructive, difficult to control, and economically important species of termite in the southern United States. By proper taxonomic convention, the older name, Coptotermes gestroi, must be recognized. [12] Historic structures in Hawaii have been threatened, such as Iolani Palace in Honolulu. Insect pests of cassava in Thailand. They have translucent wings that are densely covered with small hairs. Klinkii. Live trees include oak, ash, and water-bound cypress. Subterranean termites live in the ground, unlike drywood termites which living inside the wood they eat. Bad Bug. Scientific Name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, 1909 (ITIS) Also known as an introduced subterranean termite, the Formosan termite is found in states across the southern U.S., including Alabama, Florida, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, Texas and Tennessee. Because of its population size and foraging range, the presence of a colony poses serious threats to nearby structures. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. When they find a food source above ground they build a safe pathway or “mud tube” to create a connection from their home to the food. Subterranean termites live in the ground, unlike drywood termites which living inside the wood they eat. Alates, or swarmers, are about 5/16 inch (14-15mm) in overall length, including their wings. With possibly more than 10 million mouths to feed in their colonies, Formosan termites … Formosan Subterranean Termite "Adult" Formosan Subterranean Termite "Soldier" Formosan Subterranean Termite "Soldier" Scientific Name. After a brief flight, alates shed their wings. [18], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "An annotated checklist of termites (Isoptera) from Sri Lanka", Species Profile- Formosan Subterranean Termite (, United States National Agricultural Library,, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 18:12. Widespread. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program. Assessment of untreated Papua New Guinea timbers for resistance to subterranean termites. [4] Older and less vigorous colonies contained workers that had a larger body mass than workers in younger colonies.[5]. On Mississippi's Formosan termite-plagued Gulf Coast, ARS and other Operation FullStop scientists are testing several new pest controls, including a new bait formula containing Metarhizium anisopliae, a fungus that's approved for use in killing certain native subterranean termites. Formosan termites (Coptotermes Formosanus) prefer warm climates and are heavily abundant in the southern states, Louisiana included. Wu H J, Wang Z N, Ou C F, Tsai R S, Chow Y S, 1991. University of Georgia. The Formosan termite (Coptotermes formosanus) is a species of termite that has been transported worldwide from its native range in southern China to Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa, where it gets its name), Japan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, and the continental United States. Scientific Name. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Scientific name: Coptotermes formosanus. This suggests that feeding preference of C. formosanus is at least partially influenced by the nutritional value of the food source. Patchouli (/ p ə ˈ tʃ uː l i /; Pogostemon cablin), from Tamil paccuḷi, is a species of plant from the family Lamiaceae, commonly called the "mint" or "deadnettle" family.The plant grows as a bushy perennial herb, with erect stems reaching around 75 centimetres (2.5 ft) in height and bearing small, pale pink-white flowers. 384). Like many other termites, the Formosan termite feeds on wood and other materials that contain cellulose, such as paper and cardboard. Crop Protection Compendium. The workers provide the food, soldiers defend the nest, and reproductives breed the colony. However, they are known to chew through foam insulation boards, thin lead and copper sheeting, plaster, asphalt, and some plastics. Good Bug or Bad Bug? Formosan termites prefer warm climates and densely populate certain areas of the American South. GAINESVILLE—A new subterranean termite recently discovered in South Florida may be just as destructive as the dreaded Formosan termite, say University of Florida scientists. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Formosan Subterranean Termite. Within two to four weeks, young termites hatch from the eggs. It is currently one of the most destructive pests in the United States,[14] estimated to cost consumers over $1 billion annually for preventive and remedial treatment and to repair damage caused by this insect. Pests and Diseases Image Library. In general the termite does not have the narrow waist and segmented body of the ant. 4 (2), 19-27. It really doesn’t matter to them. Scientific Name: Coptotermes formosanus; Size: Formosan termite colonies consist of one queen and one king, with multiple generations of workers, soldiers and reproductives, that all measure around 1/8 to 1/4 inch in length. These termites tunnel within the soil, connecting their large, underground network to a food source. The workers and soldiers may live 3–5 years with caste proportions around 360 workers per 40 soldiers. Common name: Termite Scientific Name: Varies Order: Isoptera Description:Drywood termites are light yellow to black with clear to smoky gray wings, about 7/16 inch long. Formosan subterranean termite. The reproductives nurse the first group of young termites until the young termites reach third instar. Formosan Termite Habits. What they need for activity are … They don’t care if it’s a dead tree on the ground, a live tree in your yard or the wooden structural components of your house. Click Here for More Info. 384 ). 12 (1), 5-7. Their colonies of two to ten million individuals are found underground in elaborate nests. A single colony of C. formosanus may produce over 70,000 alates. Formosan subterranean termites, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), were collected from monitoring stations by using the method of Su and Scheffrahn (1986). Click Here for More Info. Coptotermes gestroi is similar ( see Fact Sheet no. BEHAVIOR: Formosan termites are always hungry, and they eat wood. Coptotermes formosanus is the most economically serious pest in Hawaii, costing residents $100 million a year. Desert termite alates measure from 1/2 to 5/8 inches in length, whereas subterranean termites alates are less than a 1/2-inch long. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Research and Extension. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. University of California. When they find a food source above ground they build a safe pathway or “mud tube” to create a connection from their home to the food. Coptotermes formosanus is a generalist, colonial, social insect building colonies either above or below ground. In New Orleans, 30-50% of the city's 4,000 historic live oak trees are believed to be infested, with total damage costing the city $300 million a year. The ground provides the moisture needed by the subterranean termites. Coptotermes formosanus, known in its native China as the ‘House White Ant’, was introduced to the southeast USA likely in the 1950s, where it is known as the Formosan subterranean termite. A mature Formosan colony can consume as much as 13 ounces of wood a day (about 400 g) and can severely damage a structure in as little as three months. Agricultural Commissioner. Kirton and Brown (2003) determined that "Haviland's subterranean termite," Coptotermes havilandi Holmgren, was a newer second name given to a termite that already had the name Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann). The queen of the colony has a lifespan around 15 years and is capable of producing up to 2,000 eggs per day.