She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, aged forty. His long reign, which lasted for fifty-three years, was a positive disaster for the state of Tuscany and for the Medici dynasty. The grand dukes of Tuscany. Cosimo II de' Medici (12 May 1590 – 28 February 1621) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until his death. Her face is still familiar to many because of her solemn and distant portraits by Agnolo Bronzino. Issue. Cosimo I de Medici, c, 19 years of age (Jacopo Pontormo, c. 1538). Cosimo's 53-year-long reign, the longest in Tuscan history, was marked by a series of ultra-reactionary laws which regulated prostitution and banned May celebrations. Antonio selvi, serie medicea, 1739, 62 cosimo II granduca 1.jpg 2,238 × 2,238; 2.15 MB. Cosimo came to power at 17, when the 26-year-old Duke, Alessandro de' Medici, was assassinated in 1537, as Alessandro's only male child was illegitimate. Anna de' Medici (1553–1553) died in infancy. As his more prominent ancestors had been, he was also an important patron of the arts, supporting, among others, Vasari, Cellini, Pontormo, Bronzino, the architect Lanci, and the historians Scipione Ammirato and Benedetto Varchi. For the majority of his twelve-year reign, he delegated the administration of Tuscany to his ministers. Cosimo was also an enthusiast of alchemy, a passion he had inherited from his grandmother Caterina Sforza. Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleanor of Toledo, and served as regent for his father starting in 1564.. He was the elder son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christine of Lorraine.He married Maria Magdalena of Austria and had eight children. Cosimo was Duke … In June 1537 Cosimo was recognized as head of the Florentine state by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, in exchange for help against France in the course of the Italian Wars. They were decorated with fountains, a labyrinth, a grotto and ingenious "water jokes," and were a prototype for the Italian Renaissance garden. Cosimo II de' Medici (12 May 1590 – 28 February 1621) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until 1621. Cosimo I, in full Cosimo de’ Medici, byname Cosimo the Great, Italian Cosimo il Grande, (born June 12, 1519—died April 21, 1574, Castello, near Florence [Italy]), second duke of Florence (1537–74) and first grand duke of Tuscany (1569–74). He retreated to live in his villa, Villa di Castello, outside Florence. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany: | | | Cosimo I de' Medici | | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. After Eleonora's death in 1562, Cosimo fathered two children with his mistress Eleonora degli Albrizzi: In 1570, Cosimo married Camilla Martelli (died 1590) and fathered one child with her:[6], "Cosimo I" redirects here. The help granted to Charles V allowed him to free Tuscany from the Imperial garrisons, and to increase as much as possible its independence from the overwhelming Spanish influence in Italy. Born: Florence 1519 Died: 1574. Marriage to Joanna of Austria. In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522 – 1562), the daughter of Don Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, the Spanish viceroy of Naples. Eleonora de' Medici (10 November 1591 - 22 November 1617) niver mairit. [82] Photo about Statue of Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany on Piazza dei Cavalieri Palazzo della Carovana decorated with frescos, in Pisa, Italy. Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke o Tuscany (12 Mey 1590 – 28 Februar 1621) mairit Airchduchess Maria Maddalena o Austrick an haed issue. She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, aged forty. He was the son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Maria Salviati. Cosimo I de' MEDICI (Grand Duke) of TUSCANY (granted title Grand Duke by Pope Pius V in 1569, first to be granted this title, though others had called tmeselves `Grand Duke'); (von TOSKANA); Knight of Golden Fleece. Already overly devout in his own right, he had been dominated by the bigotry and vanity of his mother, since his father, whose weakness was indolence, had not asserted his authority in the child's upbringing. With the support of the Emperor, he defeated the Sienese at the Battle of Marciano (1554), and laid siege to Siena. Cosimo was from a different branch of the family, and so far had lived in Mugello, and was almost unknown in Florence: however, many of the influential men in the city favored him, several of them hoping to rule through him and thereby enrich themselves at the state's expense. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany "Cosimo I" redirects here. Cosimo also was an active builder of military structures,[3] in an attempt to save his state from the frequent passage of foreign armies (examples are the new fortresses of Siena, Arezzo, Sansepolcro, the new walls of Pisa and Fivizzano, and the strongholds of Portoferraio, on the island of Elba, and Terra del Sole). Cosimo is perhaps best known today for the creation of the Uffizi ("offices"). Despite his economic difficulties, he was a lavish patron of the arts and also developed the Florentine navy, which eventually took part in the Battle of Lepanto, and which he entrusted to his new creation, the military Order of St. Stephen. Cosimo de' Medici was the elder son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Christina of Lorraine. In 1669 Cosimo de Medici III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1642 to 1723, and therefore in his late 20s at the time) travelled through several European countries, including England. [1] Cosimo proved strong-willed, astute and ambitious, and soon rejected the clause he had signed, which entrusted much of the power to a council of Forty-Eight. 'Cosimo I de' Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. De' Medici, Cosimo I, il Grande, gran duca di Toscana, 1519-1574 Cosimo I, de' Medici, il Grande, Grand Duke of Tuscany, 1519-1574. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando II. When Ferdinando II died, his son Cosimo III (1642-1723) became Grand Duke. Marriage to Joanna of Austria. Cosimo was an authoritarian ruler and secured his position by employing a guard of Swiss mercenaries. Cosimo spent long hours in prayer and visited monasteries an… The prominent prisoners were subsequently beheaded on the Piazza or in the Bargello. Before his first marriage, Cosimo fathered an illegitimate daughter with an unknown woman: With Eleonora, Cosimo fathered eleven children: After Eleonora's death in 1562, Cosimo fathered two children with his mistress Eleonora degli Albrizzi: In 1570, Cosimo married Camilla Martelli: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosimo_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany&oldid=6970657, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Cosimo I de' Medici; Cosimo I de' Medici in Armour By Agnolo Bronzino. On 18 December 1565, he married Joanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, after among others Princess Elizabeth of Sweden … Cosimo II de' Medici ... Media in category "Cosimo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Image of palace, frescos, pisa - … With this move he firmly restored the power of the Medici, who thereafter ruled Florence until the death of the last … It fell after only a few hours, and Cosimo celebrated his first victory. After defeating the exiles' army, Vitelli stormed the fortress, where Strozzi and a few of his companions had retreated to safety. For the founder of the Medici dynasty, see Cosimo de' Medici. In the last 10 years of his reign, struck by the death of two of his sons by malaria, Cosimo gave up the active rule to his son and successor Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. She was a patron of the new Jesuit order, and her private chapel in the Palazzo Vecchio was decorated by Bronzino, who had originally arrived in Florence to provide festive decor for her wedding. Antonio de' Medici (1548–1548) died in infancy. We have Francesco to thank for the Uffizi Gallery. Maria Maddalena de' Medici (29 Juin 1600 – 28 December 1633) niver mairit. After visiting Spain, Portugal and Ireland1 he stopped briefly in the Scilly Isles before disembarking Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574 and then the first Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Marriage and family. Cosimo III de' Medici was the penultimate Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, when she was only forty; all three of them were struck down by malaria while traveling to Pisa. Côme I, Grand-Duke of Tuscany, 1519-1574 ‘Cosimo de Medici, later Grand Duke of Tuscany’ was created by Titian in High Renaissance style. On 18 December 1565, he married Joanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and his wife Anne of Bohemia and … Ferdinando II de' Medici (14 July 1610 – 23 May 1670) was grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the elder son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Christina of Lorraine. Marriage and family. She provided the Medici with the Pitti Palace and seven sons to ensure male succession and four daughters to connect the Medici with noble and ruling houses in Italy. This is a portrait of Cosimo I de‘ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, at the age of 40. They had a profound influence on later Italian and French gardens through the eighteenth century. He was the son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Maria Salviati.. It is based on Bronzino’s official portrait of the Duke of 1559, but is unlikely to have been painted by Bronzino or his assistants. In 1548 he managed to have his relative Lorenzino, the last Medici claimant to Florence, assassinated in Venice. Find more prominent pieces of portrait at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522–1562). Originally intended as a means of consolidating his administrative control of the various committees, agencies, and guilds established in Florence's Republican past, it now houses one of the world's most important collections of art, much of it commissioned and/or owned by various Medici. He was the eldest son of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria Maddalena of Austria.He was remembered by his contemporaries as a man of culture and science, actively participating in the Accademia del Cimento, the first scientific society in Italy, formed by his younger brother, Leopoldo de' Medici. During this time, Cosimo had an illegitimate daughter, Bia (1537 – 1542), who was portrayed shortly before her premature death in a marvelous painting[2] by Bronzino. When Cosimo heard of their approach, he sent his best troops under Alessandro Vitelli to engage the enemy, which they did at Montemurlo, a fortress that belonged to the Nerli. Pietro (Pedricco) (10 August 1546 – 10 June 1547) died in infancy. [4] The most famous of them, with her son Giovanni, hangs in the Uffizi Gallery. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke o Tuscany (12 Juin 1519 – 21 Aprile 1574) wis the second Duke o Florence frae 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke o Tuscany, a teetle he held until his daith. He laid heavy tax burdens on his subjects. Cosimo also was a long-term supporter of Pope Pius V, who in the ligh… Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death. Despite the inhabitants' desperate resistance, on April 17, 1555, after a 15-month siege, the city fell, its population diminished from forty thousand to eight thousand. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death. Cosimo was the great-great-grandson of Lorenzo the Elder, the son of Giovanni di Bicci and brother of Cosimo the Elder, … Eleonora of Toledo, Duchess of Florence, who purchased the Palazzo Pitti in 1549 for the Medici family. They disagreed about Cosimo's bigoted ideology and his monthly allowance. Articles incorporating an MLCC template as an external link, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Grand Masters of the Order of Saint Stephen, Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, "Ancestors of Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence (Medieval Lands Project)", http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/28.htm, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Tales From The Crypt: Reports On The Exhumation Of The Medici Tombs In Italy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Cosimo_I_de%27_Medici,_Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany?oldid=5186145, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. He also finished the Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and created the magnificent Boboli Gardens behind the Pitti. Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany (b.1663 d.1713) Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Electress Palatine (b.1667 d.1743) Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b.1671 d.1737) Cosimo did not enjoy a harmonious relationship with his elder son, Ferdinando. Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo.He served as regent for his father Cosimo after he retired from his governing duties in 1564. Cosimo next turned on Siena. During his reign, Florence purchased the island of Elba from the Republic of Genoa (in 1548), conquered Siena (in 1555) and developed a well-equipped and powerful naval base on Elba. Though Cosimo III traveled widely and spent money generously (in particular for the benefit of the church), he had a reserved manner … Filippo Strozzi's body was found with a bloody sword next to it and a note quoting Virgil, but many believe that his suicide was faked. In June 1537 Cosimo was recognized as head of the Florentine state by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, in exchange for help against France in the course of the Italian Wars. His reign also witnessed Tuscany's deterioration to … In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522–1562). Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574 and then the first Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519 -1574) was the nephew of Ottaviano de’ Medici. He was the son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Maria Salviati.. In 1559 Montalcino, the last redoubt of Sienese independence, was annexed to Cosimo's territories. Cosimo I de' Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Cosimo was born in Florence, on June 12, 1519, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati.Cosimo came to power at 17, when the 26 year old Duke, Alessandro de' Medici, was assassinated in 1537, as Alessandro's only male child was illegitimate.Cosimo was from a different branch of the family, and so far had lived in Mugello, … Francesco de’ Medici Grand Duke of Florence – 10 Curious facts 1. His mother, Maria Salviati, was a granddaughter of Lorenzo the Magnificent; his father, the professional soldier Giovanni delle Bande Nere (1498–1526), was killed when Cosimo was seven. All three of them died from malaria while traveling to Pisa. Cosimo II, in full Cosimo de’ Medici, (born May 12, 1590—died Feb. 28, 1621), fourth grand duke of Tuscany (1609–20), who closed down the Medici family’s practice of banking and commerce, which it had pursued for four centuries.. Cosimo II succeeded his father, Ferdinand I, in 1609; and, guided by his mother, Christine of Lorraine, and by Belisario Vinta, he followed his … Toward the end of July 1537, the exiles marched into Tuscany under the leadership of Bernardo Salviati and Piero Strozzi. For the founder of the Medici dynasty, see. Before his first marriage, Cosimo fathered an illegitimate daughter with an unknown woman: With Eleonora, Cosimo fathered eleven children:[5]. She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, aged forty. Cosimo I de’ Medici. Biography 'Cosimo was born in Florence, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati. In 1569, Cosimo de' Medici had ruled the Duchy of Florence for 32 years. In 1569, Pope Pius V elevated him to the rank of Grand Duke of Tuscany. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574 and then the first Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522–1562). Cosimo was born in Florence, on June 12, 1519, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati. A large bronze equestrian statue of Cosimo I by Giambologna, erected in 1598, still stands today in the Piazza della Signoria, the main square of Florence. Cosimo was born in Florence, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati. His gardens at Villa di Castello, designed by Niccolo Tribolo when Cosimo was only seventeen years old, were designed to announce a new golden age for Florence, and to express the magnificence and virtues of the Medici. With this move he firmly restored the power of the Medici, who thereafter ruled Florence until the death of the last of the Medici, Gian Gastone de' Medici, in 1737. English: Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519, Florence [1] – 21 April 1574, Castello) was the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1537 … Cosimo also banned the clergy from holding administrative positions and promulgated laws of freedom of religion, which were unknown during his time. Portrait bust from the workshop of Benvenuto Cellini, ca. When the Florentine exiles heard of the death of Alessandro, they marshalled their forces with support from France and from disgruntled neighbors of Florence. His father requisitioned a modern education for him: Galileo Galilei was Cosimo's tutor between 1605 and 1608. Alessandro’s death did not terminate the Medici family’s power in Florence.A younger branch of the family, descendants of the Lorenzo who had been the brother of Cosimo the Elder, now came forward.Cosimo de’ Medici (1519–74), great-great-grandson of Lorenzo, became duke of Florence, then grand duke of Tuscany (1569), and reigned as Cosimo I. All three of … Cosimo III, in full Cosimo de’ Medici, (born Aug. 14, 1642—died Oct. 31, 1723), sixth grand duke of Tuscany, who reigned for 53 years (1670–1723), longer than any other Medici, but under whom Tuscany’s power declined drastically.. Prior to Medici rule, Florence had been a republic. Alessandro’s death did not terminate the Medici family’s power in Florence.A younger branch of the family, descendants of the Lorenzo who had been the brother of Cosimo the Elder, now came forward.Cosimo de’ Medici (1519–74), great-great-grandson of Lorenzo, became duke of Florence, then grand duke of Tuscany (1569), and reigned as Cosimo I. "Ma un conto facea il ghiotto, e un altro il taverniere", B. Varchi, Storia Fiorentina, 15, 600. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany. Galileo Galilei was his childhood tutor.. For the most of his eleven-year reign, he delegated the administration of Tuscany … Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici, called "the Elder" (Italian: il Vecchio) and posthumously "Father of the Fatherland" (Latin: pater patriae) (10 April 1389 – 1 August 1464), was an Italian banker and politician, the first member of the Medici political dynasty that served as de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance. The grand dukes of Tuscany. However, as Benedetto Varchi famously put it "The innkeeper's reckoning was different from the glutton's." This page was last changed on 2 June 2020, at 17:45. 1550. 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